Obesity- Causes, complications and treatment

World Obesity day is observed on 11 th Oct globally, to create awareness and find solutions to check the epidemic called “ Obesity”

Obesity is sometimes genetic but normally builds up over a period of time due to sedentary life style and excessive intake of calories, more than what are being burned by daily activities and exercise.

Obesity is usually defined as excess of body weight, atleast 20% higher than normal which has an adverse affect on the body.

It is normally calculated using a ratio of height to weight called as Body Mass Index ( BMI)

A person having a BMI( Body Mass Index) of over 30, is classified as “Obese”. A BMI between 25 and 30, classifies as “overweight”.

World Obesity day, check your BMI
Body Mass Index

What causes Obesity ?

Obesity builds up largely due to a combination of factors, such as excessive intake of foods, lack of physical activity, intake of sterioids, certain types of medication, endocrine disorders, medication for mental illnesses and sometimes even genetic susceptibility. A genetic mutation in the FTO gene, significantly increases risk of obesity.

Other medical conditions, which lead to obesity are as follows:

  • Hypothyroidism caused by under activity of thyroid gland slows metabolism causes weight gain.
  • PCOD, or polycystic ovarian disease also leads to obesity. Vice versa, women who are over weight or obese often have PCOD.
  • Over production of hormone cortisol by adrenal glands also known as Cushing’s syndrome, leads to weight gain and full in the upper body, face and neck.
  • Prader-Willi syndrome, a rare condition which leads to constant eating also leads to obesity.

 What are the medical complications associated with Obesity?

A few medical conditions associated with Obesity are coronary heart disease, needing angioplasty or even an open heart surgery, diabetes, gallstones which require gallbladder removal , hypertension or high blood pressure, wearing out of knees due to excess weight and subsequently osteoarthritis which may require knee replacement, sleep apnea, several type of cancers and infertility whuch may require an IVF.

The list of cancers due to obesity is fairly long with 25% of cancers being attributed to an increased risk due to obesity.

These include breast cancer, multiple myelomas a type of  blood cancer, cancer of  the gall bladder, oesophageal cancer or cancer of the food pipe, thyroid cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancers, kidney cancer and even some of the brain tumours.

The important question here is “ How to treat obesity?”

Regular exercise, diet modification, eating small healthy meals, avoiding junk , high carbohydrate and fat rich food has benefits and helps lose weight.

Maintaining a journal or a food dairy, to record what’s being consumed helps and so does keeping a record of exercise being done everyday.

Using fitness wearable’s is a good idea too.

However if all fails, a bariatric surgery or a weight loss surgery be it a gastric bypass or a gastric sleeve as the benefits accrued are considerable.

A weight loss surgery may be considered only when the BMI exceeds 35 or if there is a serious medical condition associated with obesity.

Get in touch with us for a second opinion on your weight related problems, write to us on info@ihealthkonnect.com or send us a query

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Overweight! Why should you choose India for Bariatric surgery

Overweight! Why should you choose India for Bariatric surgeryBariatric Surgery is one of the only possible solutions for people who have tried every way of reducing their weight by  dieting, exercises and every other possible way but were unable to do it. Now India is providing Affordable and Low-cost Bariatric Surgery at rock bottom prices at  best of the healthcare facilities without compromising on quality of care  given to the patients.

Thus India provides Affordable and Low cost Bariatric Surgery  to international patients as well with best of the services at the most affordable prices.

Different types of Bariatric Surgery in India:

Gastric Bypass
* Gastric bypass is the most familiar of the various types of bariatric surgery. In this form of surgery, the stomach is separated, and one part is no longer used. A small portion of the stomach is then reattached to the intestine, and only small amounts of food can be absorbed.

Gastric Sleeve Surgery
* The Bariatric Learning Center describes this weight loss surgery as a procedure in which a large portion of the stomach is moved, leaving patients a sleeve of stomach about the size and shape of a banana. Unlike gastric bypass, the intestines don’t have to be rerouted and reattached.

Adjustable Gastric Banding
*This is a less invasive form of bariatric surgery than gastric bypass. Instead of the stomach being cut, an adjustable band is a laparoscopic ally placed in the stomach. The band can be tightened or loosened according to the patient’s desires. Unlike gastric bypass, gastric banding is reversible if patients want to remove it.

Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
*This type of bariatric surgery combines gastric bypass and gastric banding. Individuals have two stomachs after this procedure, with a smaller stomach within a larger one, according to the Bariatric Learning Center. Doctors place a row of staples in the upper portion of the stomach, making a smaller pocket for food absorption.
Biliopancreatic Bypass With a Duodenal Switch

*This is the most complex of all the types of bariatric surgery. A resource from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases describes the process of this complex operation, stating that the lower portion of the stomach is removed and the remaining stomach creates a sleeve. The stomach is connected to the small intestine, bypassing the large intestine altogether.

Benefits of Weightloss Surgery in India.

It is important to note, that undergoing surgery to help lose weight is a serious decision and before undergoing this surgery, it is important to know the process of bariatric surgery. Also, a person should be a good candidate for bariatric surgery. Candidates should have the following needs and concerns: a candidate has been unable to get the weight off and keep it off over an extended period of time, understands about the surgery, is aware of the risks and benefits of surgery and is ready to lose weight and improve his or her health. He or she is also conscious of the side effects after the surgery and knows that he or she will have to change his lifestyle and is committed to lifelong healthy eating and physical activity. Find out how Bariatric Surgery in India can change your life for the better by writing in to us at info@ihealthkonnect.com  or visit http://www.ihealthkonnect.com/bariatric-surgery/gastric-bypass

There are several benefits of weightloss surgery or bariatric  surgery such as being a useful tool in getting weight off aproximately losing 25- 40 kgs per year hence offering you long term weight loss and increasing the quality of your health and life in general. This kind of operation also improves many obesity-related concerns such as high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. In some cases, patients also take fewer medications. Also, bariatric surgery can increase your self-confidence.

To conclude, bariatric surgery is surgery that is performed  to help a person who is severly obese, lose weight.  To find out more about bariatric surgery  in  India,  chat with us onhttps://m.me/ihealthkonnect   and find out about this helpful and practical surgery!