Decoding CyberKnife, for cancer treatment and benign tumours

We often get queries on CyberKnife and what is CyberKnife used for ?

CyberKnife is an excellent treatment option for treating cancer’s such as prostate cancer, gliomas ,brain cancer, kidney cancer, lung cancer, spine cancer, cancer of the pancreas, head and neck cancer, liver cancer, early stage -localised breast cancer and several types of malignant tumours, benign tumours and several other medical conditions.
CyberKnife delivers stereostatic radiation( SBRT) with extreme precision and a tissue margin of 1-5mm

Non invasive, CybeKnife vaporises a brain tumour

Cyber knife is totally non invasive and offers hope for inoperable localised cancers such as small cell lung cancer,for inoperable lesions where there is no other alternative for the patient to be treated.
CyberKnife can spot the exact size, shape and location of the tumor and delivers highly concentrated beams of radiation with precision ranging from 1 to 5 mm and this leads to minimal damage and bleeding.

Since CyberKnife treatment is totally non invasive, it is used for treatment of inoperable cancers as an alternate to surgery or as an alternative to surgery to minimise trauma, avoid complications and reduce risk.

Most patients can be treated several times with the CyberKnife and even treated again or retreated with minimal side effects leading to a better quality of life.For example for prostate cancer, even for a repeat surgery, CyberKnife can be used very successfully.

CyberKnife treatment is FDA approved and can spot patient movement even while breathing. The radiation beams can be aimed from several directions, thereby never losing the precision which is hall mark of a CyberKnife treatment.

CyberKnife treatment usually gets completed in 3 to 5 sessions spread over a week. Most patients can lead normal lives post CyberKnife treatment Most CyberKnife treatments are covered by insurance providers all over the world.

To know more on CyberKnife and how it works, click here.

Since the treatment involves a high degree of expertise, CyberKnife treatment is not offered by most hospitals.

The stage, location and size of the tumour or the cancer plays an important role, hence multiple teams of doctors and oncologists need to be involved before a decision on  use of CyberKnife as treatment option can be arrived.
To connect to the best hospitals in India, offering CyberKnife, and to know if CyberKnife is a treatment option for your medical condition, send us an email on info@ihealthkonnect.com or Consult Now.

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Do you know which disease Steve Jobs died of ? Spot Early Sign of Trouble in your Pancreas!

Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer

The pancreas are a small gland situated near the stomach that secretes digestive fluid into the intestines through one or more ducts and also secretes insulin – a hormone which regulates the amount of glucose in blood. Pancreas are responsible for secreting enzyme which aid in digestion,
Pancreatic problems are usually hard to detect and one of the most dangerous pancreatic problems is pancreatic cancer.

Unfortunately pancreatic cancer is hard to diagnose as it gives few early signs and most patients already reach an advance stage before being diagnosed.

Post prognosis, due to detection at an advanced stage when the cancer is in metastasis, the 5 year survival rate is 1%. Compare this to a 5 year survival rate for patients when diagnosed early with the cancer in a resectable stage( when surgery can be done) , at a whopping 61% . Therefore early diagnosis is critical in pancreatic cancer.

Even if there are few early signs, self awareness is often the key to diagnosis.

Given below are a few warning signs which indicate that your pancreas may be in trouble :

Sudden Onset of Diabetes : Diabetes and Pancreas have a direct relationship. Pancreas contain cells called the Islets of Langerhans which secrete the hormone insulin. Insulin helps regulate the glucose in the body. If you have sudden onset of Type 2 diabetes, do visit the doctor.
If you existing diabetes,which suddenly becomes unmanageable it warrants a visit to the doctor as instability in blood sugar levels can also be an early sign of pancreatic cancer

Light coloured, Floaty Stools, with or without an oil layer : Pancreas our responsible for secreting enzymes, which help in digestion. When optimum functioning is affected, sometimes there is an oil layer on top which indicates fats not digested properly. Because the pancreas help the intestines break down fats with the help of enzymes which does not take place,it leads to stools become greasy.

Light coloured, floaty stools also indicate sub optimal digestion which happens when the pancreas become affected.

Dark Coloured Urine : Pancreatic cancer usually begins near the top of the bile duct. Since the bile duct is unable to drain the bilirubin produced in the liver, it results in dark coloured urine. As the cancer spreads, it affects the liver and results in liver cancer. Pancreatic cancer led to the liver being affected for Steve Jobs and a liver transplant was carried out which gave him a new lease of life for a few years.

Stomach Ache : Abdominal pain especially pain in the middle of the abdomen is also a sign of pancreatic cancer. The cancer starts presses on surrounding organs causing pain. If pain is intense and persists for weeks, does not wear off even after prescription medication, do ask your doctor to check your pancreas.

Weight Loss : It is a common sign of pancreatic cancer – it usually occurs because the pancreas do not secrete enough enzymes to digest food so nutrients are not absorbed normally.
Though there are several other reasons for weight loss, sudden, progressive weight loss coupled with intense pain in the abdomen does call for a visit to the doctor.

Poor Appetite : Nausea and lack of appetite can be directly linked to problems in the pancreas. The pancreas are responsible for the secretion of enzymes which break down the fats in the digested food and hence, if your body is unable to digest fatty foods, it may be a sign of trouble with the pancreas.

Usually a ultrasound, CT Scan, endoscopy or an endoscopic biopsy are the initial diagnostic tests.

A PET CT along with cancer markers is used for cancer staging.

If diagnosed early, while the cancer is resectable, a procedure called Whipple is carried out to remove the cancerous part and whipple procedure is followed by chemotherapy and or radiation depending upon spread.

Sometime, TACE ( trans arterial chemo embolisation, TARE ( Trans arterial radio embolisation) or TAE ( trans arterial embolisation) may also need to be used depending upon the type of cancer and cancer staging.

At times RFA( radio frequency ablation) or cryoablation may also be used to treat the cancer.

Incase the cancer has spread to the liver, a liver transplant may be needed.

It is important to take a 2nd opinion, while you have time in hand to know that you are getting the right medical treatment based on the your prognosis.

To get a free 2nd opinion, Consult Now

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Why do we discover cancers at a late stage and often without symptoms for long ?

Most cancers do not cause symptoms until  late due to the phenomenal resilience and immunity that our bodies have.

Which is why, regular checkups which lead to early detection of cancer are a must.

Most stomach cancers do not have any symptoms except  loss of appetite, acid reflux, stomach pain , feeling of  fullness  which many of us  may relate to a bout of indigestion or a stomach infection.
Kidney cancer never have symptoms at an early stage.
Early stage liver cancer symptoms are often pain on the right side of the abdomen, loss of appetite.
Pancreatic Cancers are rarely found operable unless they invade the bile duct.
Thyroid Cancer often the earliest symptom is hoarseness in the voice.
Being non specific , the symptoms are often overlooked in a patient with an early stage cancer leading to discovery at a much later stage, when the cancer is  metastatic.
With newer treatment options and newer drugs , it is possible to treat , extend and improve quality of life even at a later stage.
If you have a loved one suffering from cancer or having the above symptoms with fatigue and weight loss,  email your medical reports, consult now or write to us on info@ihealthkonnect.com
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Liver Cancer Treatment ,Symptoms of Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer in India ,cost of liver Cancer TreatmentOne of the largest and vital organ of the body is liver. It helps store nutrients from food, produce bile and removes harmful chemicals from the body through detoxification process. Malignant or cancer causing liver cells develop liver cancer cells.

There are two main types of liver cancer in Hepatoblastoma and Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC).

Hepatoblastoma is the most common liver cancer affecting children, occurring most frequently in infants and children age 2 months to 3 years.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma occurs most frequently in children age 10-16 years. About 100 children in the U.S. are diagnosed with hepatoblastoma. Together, hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma account for about 1-2% of cancers in children.

Symptoms of Liver Cancer

Signs and Symptoms of Liver Cancer include swelling or enlargement of the abdomen caused by the tumor enlarging. Loss of appetite, Weight loss, Nausea & vomiting, stomach pain, Jaundice, Unequal growth of one part of the body compared to another and Early signs of puberty.

Liver Cancer Treatment:

Treatment for liver cancer include Surgery for primary stage of liver cancer which consist of A liver transplant or Surgery to remove the cancer from your liver (liver resection). Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) treatment uses radio waves to heat up the cancer cells until they are killed off.

Microwave ablation, Injecting alcohol into the tumor, Chemoembolisation, Radioembolisation, Biological therapy, Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy are also common treatments.