Obesity- Causes, complications and treatment

World Obesity day is observed on 11 th Oct globally, to create awareness and find solutions to check the epidemic called “ Obesity”

Obesity is sometimes genetic but normally builds up over a period of time due to sedentary life style and excessive intake of calories, more than what are being burned by daily activities and exercise.

Obesity is usually defined as excess of body weight, atleast 20% higher than normal which has an adverse affect on the body.

It is normally calculated using a ratio of height to weight called as Body Mass Index ( BMI)

A person having a BMI( Body Mass Index) of over 30, is classified as “Obese”. A BMI between 25 and 30, classifies as “overweight”.

World Obesity day, check your BMI
Body Mass Index

What causes Obesity ?

Obesity builds up largely due to a combination of factors, such as excessive intake of foods, lack of physical activity, intake of sterioids, certain types of medication, endocrine disorders, medication for mental illnesses and sometimes even genetic susceptibility. A genetic mutation in the FTO gene, significantly increases risk of obesity.

Other medical conditions, which lead to obesity are as follows:

  • Hypothyroidism caused by under activity of thyroid gland slows metabolism causes weight gain.
  • PCOD, or polycystic ovarian disease also leads to obesity. Vice versa, women who are over weight or obese often have PCOD.
  • Over production of hormone cortisol by adrenal glands also known as Cushing’s syndrome, leads to weight gain and full in the upper body, face and neck.
  • Prader-Willi syndrome, a rare condition which leads to constant eating also leads to obesity.

 What are the medical complications associated with Obesity?

A few medical conditions associated with Obesity are coronary heart disease, needing angioplasty or even an open heart surgery, diabetes, gallstones which require gallbladder removal , hypertension or high blood pressure, wearing out of knees due to excess weight and subsequently osteoarthritis which may require knee replacement, sleep apnea, several type of cancers and infertility whuch may require an IVF.

The list of cancers due to obesity is fairly long with 25% of cancers being attributed to an increased risk due to obesity.

These include breast cancer, multiple myelomas a type of  blood cancer, cancer of  the gall bladder, oesophageal cancer or cancer of the food pipe, thyroid cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancers, kidney cancer and even some of the brain tumours.

The important question here is “ How to treat obesity?”

Regular exercise, diet modification, eating small healthy meals, avoiding junk , high carbohydrate and fat rich food has benefits and helps lose weight.

Maintaining a journal or a food dairy, to record what’s being consumed helps and so does keeping a record of exercise being done everyday.

Using fitness wearable’s is a good idea too.

However if all fails, a bariatric surgery or a weight loss surgery be it a gastric bypass or a gastric sleeve as the benefits accrued are considerable.

A weight loss surgery may be considered only when the BMI exceeds 35 or if there is a serious medical condition associated with obesity.

Get in touch with us for a second opinion on your weight related problems, write to us on info@ihealthkonnect.com or send us a query

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Bariatric Surgery In India Closes The Gap As Medical Tourists Flock To Save Money

Liposuction cost in india, bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgery :

Bariatric surgery has grown rapidly in India, to the point that the country is becoming a key destination for patients abroad to have their surgeries.

 

Bariatric surgery is generally recommended for only the toughest of obesity cases, ones where the patient has tried hard to lose weight through changing personal habits, with no success.
India’s boom in bariatric surgery is a result of many unique factors coming together. The country, despite its pervasive poverty, has experienced a swift rise in the middle class. Along with this has come the standard vices associated with disposable income – unhealthy habits such as fast food, alcohol, and inactivity due to technology. The resulting numbers paint an unpleasant picture.

The country has about 40 million obesity related cases of diabetes.

According to India’s National Diabetes Obesity and Cholesterol Foundation, 40 to 60 percent of India’s urban population is obese.

In India, however, there is a great lack of the kinds of commercial weight loss programs that are familiar in America.  Though from diet programs to exercise programs, facing obesity by implementing better personal habits is ingrained in the culture of America, there is still an increase in obesity levels across the west.

Even with the best of infrastructure of gyms and other fitness facilities worldwide, the vices seem to have outrun those solutions, and it has left many with surgical solutions as a more prominent, familiar and acceptable methods of weight loss.

India has stepped the medical sector, which has thrived in India for decades. The abundance of medical education in India has equipped the country with the ability to specialize in medical procedures across super specialties.

People from western nations like America find they can save from 30 to 75 percent on what would be quite costly surgeries, and it becomes clear why India has become a tourist destination for those seeking these procedures. What can be $25 thousand dollars in the US can be found for as little as $ 6 thousand in India. What seems to make India truly appealing, is that for such a large discount, very few of the comforts expected to go along with that American price tag are sacrificed. There is not the language barrier one might face in other countries, as English is a second language in India, and comfort using English is expected among the healthcare professionals.

Westerners are able to find facilities in India that mirror the quality expected at home. Downsides  rarely do exist. Eighty percent of Indian bariatric surgeons work in bigger cities, healthcare hubs such as New Delhi, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Ahmedabad , Bangalore, Chennai and there is an abundance of   the support systems that will carry patients past the surgery and into new lifestyle choices which are crucial in making the surgery a long term success.

But as experts predict bariatric surgery will grow to become a key part of the $2 billion medical tourism industry in India, these concerns are beginning to result in changes that may complete the picture, and close what gaps remain between the quality of the experience in India and the West.

Even as certain aspects catch up, so long as the gap in price remains vast, it seems clear that India is only growing as a key option not only for patients within the country but also for patients looking outside the borders of their home country for medical treatment.

Ihealthkonnect as India’s 1st price discovery and comparison platform empowers not only Indian residents but also overseas patients in connecting to the best doctors and hospitals.

Patients are not only able to search but also save on cost of surgeries from the best hospitals in India.

Visit www.ihealthkonnect.com to know more or chat with us on m.me/ihealthkonnect