Everyone woman deserves to be a mother and enjoy the trials , tribulations and joy which only motherhood can beget.
This mother’s day, lets look at a few reasons why some of us find it difficult to be a mother.
What is Infertility ?
Inability to conceive a child naturally is usually termed as infertility.
The most common reasons for female infertility include problems with ovulation, damage to fallopian tubes or uterus, or problems with the cervix.
Fertility also decreases with age, hence the older you are the more difficult natural conception is.
Hormonal imbalance, PCOD or polycystic ovarian disease, obesity, bulimia, anorexia, drug abuse, alcoholism are often contribution factors which hamper ovulation.
Other factors such as endometriosis, fibroids, polyps in the uterus, tumors, previous history of STD or sexually transmitted diseases, previous illness such as cancer, previous ectopic pregnancy, changes in mucosa of the cervix which hampers transportation of sperms are contributing factors in damaging the fallopian tubes and the uterus resulting in infertility.
What are the options when one is finding it difficult to conceive naturally ?
Taking medication or hormones to address hormone imbalance, endometriosis, PCOD is an option.
Very often hormones to stimulate ovulation are also provided.
Regular checkups and medication to remove infection is also a must.
Surgeries such as DNC for endometriosis and myomectomy or fibroid removal also help resolve the problem
If all fails, IVF is the often the last option.
What is IVF ?
In vitro fertilization or IVf is an assisted reproductive technique.
During IVF, eggs and sperm are brought together in a laboratory glass dish to allow the sperm to fertilise an egg.
After IVF, one or more fertilized eggs are placed in the uterus for the mother to carry the pregnancy through.
How does In Vitro Fertilization work ?
IVF treatments start evaluation of the male sperm followed by hormone therapy to stimulate the development of several follicles in the ovary.
These are collected as eggs, which are then fertilised in a test-tube (‘in vitro’) .
This leads to several embryos which are kept in an incubator for two and five days.
After assessing the quality, one or two of these embryos are transferred through the vagina to the uterus at the right time, where implantation begins.
However, not every embryo implanted leads to a successful pregnancy, and hence surplus embryos are frozen , so that subsequent implantations can be attempted should the first ones fail.
This leads to the IVF success rates varying between 20-40%.
IVF cost in India, varies from US$ 4500 per cycle to US$ 6500 per cycle depending upon whether ICSI ( incase of male infertility) is required or not.
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