Knee Pain- When to consider Knee Replacement as an option

Knee Pain, Knee Replacement Surgery Cost In IndiaCauses of Knee Pain

Knee Pain is caused by either knee injury or degenerative arthritis which affects middle aged and older people such as Osteoarthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Arthritis can affect walking, sitting, climbing and even lying down and affects the quality of life.

If the pain is debilitating, surgery can bring relief , however the following options must be considered before option for surgery

Oral Pain Relief Medication and Topical Ointments– OTC pain medication such as Advil, Ibuprofen, Tylenol, Paracetamol  can help with pain relief for some time. Topical Ointments may also provide short term pain relief.

Corticosteroid injections- Especially hyaluronic acid boost the natural joint fluid  which helps in movement of knees. Affect of cortisone shots may last upto 6 months or a bit more.

Weight loss– Incase you are obese, weight loss can take pressure off the knees and offer relief.

Regular Exercise- helps with muscle strengthening. Our muscles support our knees and strong muscles help with easier movements.

Arthroscopic surgery– A surgeon inserts an endoscope and  flushes the knee and removes cartilage, loose bones etc which maybe causing pain. Recovery is quick and the surgery may delay a  total knee replacement surgery.

Knee Replacement Surgery– During a knee replacement surgery, the damaged knee joint is replaced partially or completely with a new plastic or metal joint.

Although complete recovery and natural movement takes some time, relief lasts often of several years.

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Better Safe Than Sorry ! Watch out for early indicative symptoms of a Heart Attack before it happens

Heart Attack, Open heart surgery cost in IndiaHeart Attack:

Cardiac arrest or a heart attack is a leading cause of premature death around the world.

Stress, junk food, lack of exercise, smoking, high blood pressure, too much alcohol and an unhealthy lifestyle are the biggest culprits.

Very often a cardiac arrest catches you unawares but it is possible to recognize early symptoms and not be caught unawares.

Symptoms of Heart Attack:

The following symptoms may be indicative of “A Cardiac Arrest On Its Way”

Shortness of Breath- Breathing difficulty or shortness of breath just means a heart attack around the corner. As your heart  gets less blood, your lungs do not get enough oxygen. This is a critical indicator and if you suddenly feel short of breath, just make a dash to your doctor.

Dizziness-  Less blood flow means less blood circulation to the brain as well and hence the dizziness. Though it could be an indicator of other problems, it could be an indicator of an upcoming heart problem as well

Cold Sweat- Breaking into cold sweat is a big red flag and calls for an immediate visit to the doctor

Fatigue- General weakness is often a result of poor blood circulation and less oxygen due to narrowed arteries.  As the heart gets reduced blood supply, there is  subsequent less oxygenation and consequently fatigue and weakness.

Chest Discomfort- Most patients with heart attacks often complain of tightness, discomfort in the chest over months and the tightness may  build up till an actual heart attack happens.

Angiography or an angiogram can tell us on the number of blocked arteries, in which case stenting or angioplasty may be required.

Sometimes, an open heart surgery may also be required.

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Key Hole Surgeries

Keyhole SUrgeries, ihealthkonnectMinimally invasive

Incisions ” The size  of a key hole”, a few millimeters.

Quicker Recovery

Shorter hospital Stay

Less post operative pain

Reduced post operative infection rate

Less trauma to skin and muscle

 

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Kidney Transplant vs Dialysis ! Which is a better option ?

Kidney Transplant vs Dialysis, Kidney Transplant In IndiaIt is often assumed that kidney transplantation is the last resort for CKD patients or patients suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease.

However research shows that patients with kidney transplant often live 10-15 years longer than those on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis

If you are suffering from chronic kidney disease and are on dialysis or  if your doctor is considering dialysis, considering a preemptive or early kidney transplant , depending upon your individual situation could offer many benefits and drastically improve quality of life with a more active lifestyle.

Most patients on dialysis think they can live forever. Most patients on dialysis live upto 5 years however patients who receive a kidney transplant typically live longer than those who stay on dialysis.  The transplanted kidney usually functions immediately and functions effectively for 12-20 years from a living donor.

A deceased donor kidney functions from 8 to 12 years.

Kidney Transplant survival rates are 90% at 5 years from a deceased donors and at 96% at 5 years.

Many Kidney Transplant patients live between 15-20 years post transplant from a living donor.

On the other hand, Dialysis works only upto 10% the efficiency of a living kidney and hence can cause serious complications. 

  • Anemia
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Heart Disease
  • Nerve Damage
  • Infection

Patients on dialysis have restricted lifestyles, suffer from fatigue and unpredictable ups and downs and as a result, the average life expectancy for a patient on dialysis is generally five years.

On the other hand,  kidney transplant patients live much longer.

Patients who get a kidney transplant before dialysis starts live an average of 10 to 15 years longer than if they stayed on dialysis. 

 The younger the patient, the more is the benefit from a transplant. However, even adults as old as 75  are able to extend lifespan by  an average of four- five  more years post  transplant than if they had stayed on dialysis.

New kidneys  work much longer in patients transplanted before they start dialysis. Spending a long time on dialysis before transplantation may also compromise the life of the new kidney graft once transplant occurs.

Patients who have been on dialysis for 6 months or so  do much better than those on dialysis for 2 or more years. Patients who receive their  new kidney when their health is generally good,  have better kidney function and hence better health and increased life expectancy.

However, getting a transplant is still a better option even if the patient has been ondialysis waiting for a donor kidney due to health complications arising due todialysis.

Even though kidney transplant is major surgery, in comparison to dialysis,  it offers an opportunity for a increased life expectancy and a healthier, active, less restricted life style.

Kidney transplant in India is offered by some of the best hospitals at reasonable costs compared to the west and even Africa and middle east.

General cost estimates vary from US$ 14000 to US$ 16000 depending upon whether the  transplant is  a robotic surgery or otherwise.

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Good Friday and A Happy Easter!

Good Friday and A Happy Easter!Easter Eggs Benefits:

Easter eggs are lovely but do we know that eggs are incredibly nutritious and a great addition to diet too.

Great for fertility, healthy heart, weight loss along with many other health benefits, here are a few reasons to crack one daily

An egg a day can fulfill the following daily vitamin and mineral requirements

Vitamin A: 6% of the RDA.

Folate: 5% of the RDA.

Vitamin B5: 7% of the RDA.

Vitamin B12: 9% of the RDA.

Vitamin B2: 15% of the RDA.

Phosphorus: 9% of the RDA.

Selenium: 22% of the RDA.

Eggs also contain vital vitamins such as  of Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Vitamin B6, Calcium and Zinc.

Protein Intake

One egg gives about 6.5 g of protein. The protein component is largely found in the egg white.

Daily protein reqt  is approximately 50 gms so 3 egg whites alone can make up for roughly half of daily protein recommended intake.

One egg has as much protein as 30g cooked meat, fish or poultry.

Breast Cancer

Research shows that Choline can reduce the risk of breast cancer by 24 percent. An egg yolk contains 125.5 milligrams of choline, about 1/4th of the recommended daily intake, so just two boiled eggs can work wonders.

Women who eat 6 eggs a week have a 44% reduced risk of developing  breast cancer.

Preggers – Eggs are the best for foetus development

Choline found in the eggs helps in foetal brain development and l memory enhancement.  Choline is of extreme importance during pregnancy and lactation when the reserves may get depleted.  Going in for an IVF(In Vitro Fertilization), don’t forget your daily intake of 2 eggs a day.

Weight Loss

One Egg contains roughly 70-86 calories. Eating eggs for breakfast keeps us full at a low calorie count and leads to less snacking and subsequent weight loss when on a diet.

Many dieticians recommend atleast 6 egg whites in a week during weight loss programs

Prevents Cataract

An egg  a day may reduce your cataract risk by 20%. It may also reduce age-related lens and retinal degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in the elderly (up to a 40% decrease).

Eggs are a good source of the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthine, which play an important role in keeping the eyes healthy.  Getting enough lutein and zeaxanthine is therefore very important from childhood onwards throughout life.

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Weight Loss or Obesity ,What Would You Choose?

weight loss, cost of bariatric surgery in IndiaWhat is Obesity?

Obesity is an issue of concern worldwide because excess weight comes along with certain severe health issues which include heart trouble and diabetes.  When all other options fails and you are unable to lose weight with exercise, dieting under medical supervision, a weight loss surgery comes to the rescue.

Types of Bariatric Surgeries:

The 3 types of weight loss or bariatric surgeries are Lap Band,  Gastric Sleeve or Gastric Bypass.

Like every other surgery, these also come with some associated risks, however the benefits in terms of reduced blood pressure, controlling diabetes, high cholesterol levels,  preventing heart disease, fatty liver far outweigh risks.

If you are planning to go for a weight loss surgery, then you must make sure to collect detailed information about the surgery cost, procedure, pre and post operative restrictions, hospital stay, etc.

The cost of weight loss surgery is different in different countries. Bariatric surgery in India is much cheaper when compared to the other countries like USA, Australia, UK, Canada, etc. The lower surgery expense makes India , a preferred destination.

If you are planning to come to India for surgery then here are some tips which will help you decide.

  • Cost of Bariatric Surgery in India depends on the type you select.
  • Hospitals and clinics in India  may have different charges. You must look for different options, compare the rate and facilities and then select one that fits your budget.
  • Travel cost is another factor that you must take into consideration when planning surgery budget.
  • Decide on which kind of weight loss surgery in India is perfect for you.

Mostly the kind of operation doctors perform depends on the body weight and health condition of the patients.

You can  upload your medical reports, and get a Free 2nd Opinion along with an Estimated Cost of weight loss surgery.

Post that  will be easy for you to look for the cost and then plan the budget.

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Glaucoma Who is at Risk

What is Glaucoma ?

Glaucoma is a medical problem of the eye. In Glaucoma, the optic nerve gets damaged, and may even worsens over time leading
to loss of vision and if left untreated, permanent blindness.

Glaucoma Causes

Severe eye infection, inflammation in the eye, blockage of blood vessels in the eye, injury to the eye, chemical damages
to the eye are the usual culprits.

Glaucoma Symptoms

  • Vision loss
  • Seeing halos around lights
  • Redness in the eye
  • Sudden hazy or blurred vision
  • Pain in the eye
  • Narrowing of vision (tunnel vision)
  • Flashes of light or black spots
  • Double vision
  • Seeing spots, ghost-like images

Who’s at Risk for Glaucoma?

  • Genetics and family history play an important role.
  • African Descent- People from africa tend to suffer more from Glaucoma.
  • 40+, Age related degeneration takes place, over 40.
  • Poor vision in general.
  • Thin corneas increase the likelihood.
  • Diabetes increases risk factor.
  • Trauma to the eye
  • Intake of steroid medications, such as prednisone

Glaucoma Treatment

There are several ways in which Glaucoma can be treated which could be prescription eye drops for less severe problems,
microsurgery to drain out excess eye fluid , or various laser surgery procedures.

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