What is Hernia: Symptoms and treatment options?

People of any age, can have Hernia.

Hernia
Hiatus hernia

Commonly called a “Rupture” , a hernia is a weakness or tear in the muscles of the abdominal wall , thorough which fatty issue or intestines protrude out. Hernias are caused by wear and tear of the muscles over the years.

Congenital hernias result from a weakness that is present at the birth. Hernia may get worse with time or physical stress.

Children’s hernias are almost always congenital.

Hernia Symptoms:

It is easy to recognize hernia as a bulge under the skin and/or may cause pain while lifting heavy objects, coughing ,straining during urination or bowel movements.

The pain may be sharp and immediate . In some cases, the pain may be a dull ache that gets worse toward the end of the day or after standing a long period of time.

The abdominal wall contains area of weakness. These area include natural spaces and thin tissue such as the umbilical ring ,internal ring .

Hernias may develop at these or other areas due to aging , old incision , injury or weakness present at birth.

A few reasons for developing Hernia are as follows”

A loop of intestine or fatty tissue may push against the inner lining forming a sac. There is no immediate danger at this point, there may not be bulge or swelling but some burning or tingling might be present.

The most common cause of Hiatus hernia is obesity. The food pipe goes through the hiatus and attaches to the stomach in a hiatal hernia (also called hiatus hernia) the stomach bulges up into the chest through that opening.

Hiatus Hernia results in chest pain or pain with eating and may also cause in heartburn. Hiatus hernia is diagnosed by endoscopy and  may require a surgery known as Hiatus Hernia Repair.

The intestine pushes into the sac: Most hernias form a bulge as the intestine pushes into the sac. Initially the bulge flattens out on lying down or pushing against it. This is Reducible Hernia. Although there is no immediate danger, prompt hernia repair is required.

The intestine may become trapped:  If the intestine is trapped , or incarcerated , the bulge cannot be flattened. This is Non-Reducible Hernia which is often painful. Urgent surgery may be required.

The intestine may be strangulated: If the intestine is tightly trapped , or strangulated , it eventually loses its blood supplies and dies(gangrene). A strangulated intestine can also block digestion and cause severe pain. Emergency Hernia surgery is required within a few hours to save life in such cases.

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Ovarian Cancer! Could You Be Missing The Early Signs

Cancer originating in the  cells of the ovaries is called Ovarian Cancer.
If diagnosed early while the tumor is still limited to the ovary, the cure rate is better than 90 percent.
Sadly, about two-thirds of women with ovarian cancer ignore early symptoms and seek medical attention by the tumor is already advanced and has spread outside of the ovaries.
Part of the problem lies with nonspecific symptoms and symptoms which arise only when cancer has spread.
Some of the early ovarian cancer symptoms may include:
Abdominal bloating or swelling
Abdominal or pelvic pain
Difficulty eating or feeling full quickly
Frequent urination or feeling a need to urinate
If these ovarian cancer signs are persistent and a change from the norm, you should see a gynecologist.
Others symptoms of ovarian cancer can include:
Back pain
Constipation
Fatigue
Menstrual changes
Pain during sex
Upset stomach
These symptoms, however being non specific, may be caused by other conditions and aren’t necessarily signs of ovarian cancer.
However they do warrant a visit to the doctor.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, get a 2nd opinion
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Why do we discover cancers at a late stage and often without symptoms for long ?

Most cancers do not cause symptoms until  late due to the phenomenal resilience and immunity that our bodies have.

Which is why, regular checkups which lead to early detection of cancer are a must.

Most stomach cancers do not have any symptoms except  loss of appetite, acid reflux, stomach pain , feeling of  fullness  which many of us  may relate to a bout of indigestion or a stomach infection.
Kidney cancer never have symptoms at an early stage.
Early stage liver cancer symptoms are often pain on the right side of the abdomen, loss of appetite.
Pancreatic Cancers are rarely found operable unless they invade the bile duct.
Thyroid Cancer often the earliest symptom is hoarseness in the voice.
Being non specific , the symptoms are often overlooked in a patient with an early stage cancer leading to discovery at a much later stage, when the cancer is  metastatic.
With newer treatment options and newer drugs , it is possible to treat , extend and improve quality of life even at a later stage.
If you have a loved one suffering from cancer or having the above symptoms with fatigue and weight loss,  email your medical reports, consult now or write to us on info@ihealthkonnect.com
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Happy Women’s Day! How Healthy are you ? Time to visit the doctor is you see these 9 tell tale signs

Happy Womens Day

Our bodies have an amazing way of letting us know that we are facing a health problem ?
It’s time to get a consultation if you notice one of these signs
Pants too loose all of a sudden– Sudden weight loss could often be a sign of cancer.
Pants too loose all of a sudden
Pants too tight – Could be indicative of bloating, if it happens suddenly coupled with pain, blood in the stool calls for a visit to the doctor and a consultation based on the reports.

Pants too tight

 Bruise Marks- Unexplained bruise marks are often indicative of blood cancer,leukemia, mylomas
 Bruise Marks
Bleeding from the rectum- Stool in the blood can be hemorrhoids which can be managed but if it happens too often is a cause for concern and could be indicative of colon cancer
 bleeding from the rectum
Unusual bleeding within periods- Could be a sign of cancer of the cervix and calls for a visit to the gynaecologist, a pap smear and a transvaginal scan.
Unusual bleeding within periods
Lump on the breast, armpit ,throat-  Unexplained lumps can signal breast cancer, throat cancer or thyroid cancer.
lump in the throat
Pimple, rashes on the breast – Pimples rashes, orange peel skin , any change in texture are indicative of breast cancer and need a mammogram and a breast ultrasound.
Pimple, rashes on the breast
Dark Circles- It is true that stress, late nights, lack of sleep cause dark circles, however dark circles are also indicative of anemia and  CBC ( complete blood count). Sickle cell  a disorder of the blood also leads to severe anemia.
dark circles
Twitching Eyelids-  can be caused due to over work, staring at a computer screen for too long but may also be indicative of  neuropathy or a neurology problem
twitching
If you are experiencing any of the above, get in touch with us for a free consultation,
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What causes CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease)

The two main causes are diabetes and high blood pressure.

In India , the incidence of diabetes and high blood pressure is going up and thus kidney disease is on the rise. The key to preventing kidney disease in these conditions is to have meticulous control over blood sugar and blood pressure.

Other conditions that affect the kidneys are:

Glomerulonephritis, a group of disease that causes inflammation and damage to the kidneys
Inherited diseases (that run in the family)
Lupus and other auto immune diseases
Kidney stones
Chronic kidney infections
Drugs like painkillers and some antibiotics

Eyes ? Do they also get affected by high blood pressure

High Blood PressureBlood vessels supplying blood to eyes can also get damaged over time due to high blood pressure leading to blurred vision, bleeding and even loss of vision.

The 3 major conditions that happen due to damage from high blood pressure are
Retinopathy– The blood vessels supplying blood to the retina get damaged due to high blood pressure leading to Retinopathy which causes bleeding, blurred vision and loss of vision.
Choroidopathy is fluid build up under the retina due to blood vessels which start to leak as they get damaged due to high blood pressure which results in blurred vision, distorted vision and permanent impairment

Optic Neuropathy results when the optic nerve gets damaged due to high blood pressure, which results in bleeding and vision loss. Damage is often irreversible.

 To  get a 2nd opinion if you have blurred vision, cataracts,  squints,  galucoma, diabetic retinopathy
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What is Chronic Kidney Disease?

Chronic Kidney Disease:

Chronic Kidney Disease means permanent kidney damage which has been present for at least 3 months and is progressive in nature.

As the disease progress ,toxins and waste products builds up in the blood and cause complications like uncontrolled blood pressure, low haemoglobin levels,weak bones, poor nutrition health and nerve damage.

Chronic Kidney Disease is also a risk factor for the heart disease and increases chances for the heart attack. It is most commonly caused by diabetes and high blood pressure , which have been inadequately treated over a long period of time.

Early detection and treatment can help in slowing the progression of renal disease and prolong the time of dialysis.

Kidney disease if untreated , eventually leads to kidney failure, and then dialysis or kidney transplant remain the only therapeutic option.

What are the function of kidneys?

functions of kidney, kidney functionsApart from removing waste, toxins and fluid from your body, the kidneys perform these other vital functions

  • Regulate body water , sodium , potassium , phosphorus and calcium.
  • Release hormones which:
  1. Regulate blood pressure
  2. Make hemoglobin in the bone marrow
  3. Help in the absorption of calcium and contribute to bone health.