Wilms Tumor Symptoms , Treatment of Wilms Tumor

Kidney cancer in children called Wilms Tumor and it is the very common form cancer . About 500 children are diagnosed with Wilms tumor in the United States each year and about 75% of those patients are under 5 years old.

Other kidney cancer also include renal cell carcinoma (in children age 15-19), clear cell carcinoma (in children under age 4) and rhabdoid tumor (in infants).

Symptoms of Wilms Tumor:

Signs and Symptoms consist of a lump or mass in the abdomen of an otherwise well child which may cause abdominal pain, Blood in the urine, High blood pressure, Fever, Diarrhea, Weight loss, Urogenital infections, Anemia, Shortness of breath, A general feeling of being tired and unwell, Nausea and vomiting

Wilms Tumor Treatment:

The general treatment for these children is surgery to remove the recurrent cancer, radiation therapy and chemo, often with drugs different from those used during first treatment.

 

Sacrococcygeal teratomas

Another rare form of childhood tumor is sacrococcygeal teratomas. Which appear generally in the form of mass that protrudes around the anus and are usually diagnosed in newborns and could be surgically removed.

Being internal these tumors may grow unnoticed for longer period of time (months) and later become malignant.

Symptoms of Sacrococcygeal teratomas:

Signs and Symptoms include Pain, constipation and urinary retention

Sacrococcygeal teratomas Treatment:

Treatment include post birth pediatric surgery.

Cervical Cancer Awareness Month

Cervical CAncer Awareness Month

Incase you have consistent discomfort in the pelvis,  irregular bleeding in between periods, , heavy menstrual  flow, bleeding post menopause,  a pap smear  as a diagnostic test would help.
Incase your ultrasound reports or pap smear results are a miss
Incase you have been diagnosed with cancer of the cervix and are looking for treatment options, get a second opinion and an estimated cost of treatment now

Germ Cell Tumors

The term “germ cell” originate from the term “geminate,” which means giving life. In humans, germ cells produce specialized cells needed for reproduction: sperm cells in boys and egg cells in girls.

Germ cell cancer is a rare tumor that affects children, teens, and adults. About 900 children and adolescents are diagnosed with germ cell tumors in the U.S. each year, comprising about 4% of all childhood cancers. These tumors most commonly appear in the testes for boys and the ovaries for girls.

However, these tumors can also arise in the abdomen and pelvis, the mediastinum. Germ cell tumors may be malignant (life-threatening) or benign (not life-threatening). Malignant germ cell tumors include several types of cancer, such as immature teratoma, yolk sac tumor, embryonal carcinoma, and choriocarcinoma. They can impact the testes or ovaries and can spread to other parts of the body.

Benign germ cell tumors include certain kinds of teratomas (a type of tumor that may contain several different types of tissue). Although these benign tumors are not as difficult to treat as malignant tumors, they can cause problems because of their size.

Symptoms of Germ Cell Tumor:

It appears as painless mass in the scrotum (the skin that holds the testicles), Abdominal pain or constipation.

Mediastinal tumors, once larger, they are associated with chest pain, shortness of breath and wheezing.

Germ Cell Tumor Treatment:

Surgery and chemotherapy are most recommended treatments options for Germ Cell Tumors.

Next Article: Sacrococcygeal teratomas

Silent Heart Attack

Silent heart attack,Cost of open heart surgery in India

And most importantly, it is good to get a check up done every 6 months post the age of 30.

The maximum damage during a heart attack occurs in the first one hour.
It is important to reach a good cardiac care hospital as soon as possible.
Sometimes coronary angioplasty is done immediately and very often open heart surgery may also be advised.
Cost of a coronary angioplasty with 1 stent may vary from US$ 4000 to US$ 5500 depending upon the type pf stent. Open heart surgery in India costs between US$ 6500 to US$ 7500.

 

Retinoblastoma (Eye Cancer) Treatment, Symptoms

Retinoblastoma is a rare eye cancer . Childhood retinoblastoma originates in a part of the eye called the retina. The retina is a thin layer of nerve tissue .

Retinoblasts (immature cells of the retina) multiply during gestation and early life to make enough cells to create the retina.

Retinoblastoma is a cancer that affects these retinoblasts, causing them to multiply too much, and limit the process of differentiation.

Retinoblastoma in children can occur in one eye (unilateral) or both eyes (bilateral). It is affecting 300 children each year.

This disease occurs most often in children under the age of 4 years, with 80% of cases occurring under age 3 years and virtually none above age 6 years. Most children (99%) with eye cancer generally get cured.

Signs and Symptoms of Retinoblastoma:

A pupil that looks white or black instead of red when light hits it, a crossed eye (looking either toward the nose or toward the ear), poor vision, a red, painful eye and an enlarged pupil.

Retinoblastoma Treatment:

Treatment for Retinoblastoma is chemotherapy (intra-arterial or systemic) to reduce the tumor size. Chemotherapy followed by followed by some form of local treatment and possibly radiation therapy and surgery. Treatment may prolong from months till years particularly in eyes treated with cryotherapy and/or photocoagulation after chemotherapy.

Next Article:Germ Cell Tumors

Ewing Sarcoma Symptoms , Treatment

The “Ewing family of tumors” includes Ewing sarcoma, atypical Ewing sarcoma, and peripheral primitive neuroectodermal (PNET) of bone or soft tissue, and they are all treated in the same manner.

A nonheritable chromosomal mutation can be identified in the tumor cells of the Ewing family of tumors.

The cause of Ewing family of tumors is not yet known but it is believed this mutation plays an important role. It is second most common bone cancer is Ewing sarcoma in children.

It effects mainly long bones of arms and legs, the skull, spin, chest wall and the pelvis. It can also effect the soft tissue devoid of bone.

This disease most often occurs in adolescents, with nearly half of cases arising between the ages of 10 and 20. It is somewhat more common in males than in females.

Ewing sarcoma Symptoms:

Signs and Symptoms include pain and swelling, loss of appetite, fever, malaise, fatigue, weight loss, back pain and “sciatic–like” symptoms in patients with tumors in the pelvis.

Treatment of Ewing sarcoma:

Treatment for Ewing sarcoma include chemotherapy, surgery and targeted radiotherapy which focused at 3D-conformal radiation therapy and Intensity-modulated radiotherapy.

Next Article: Retinoblastoma (Eye Cancer) Treatment, Symptoms

Check your boobs !

Breast Cancer Treatment in India

Treatment of breast cancer in india

Breast Cancer if detected early is completely curable.
Breast cancer treatment in india is offered at most of the good hospitals, however it is good to check on the medical and surgical oncology doctors and evaluate before commencing treatment.
Breast cancer treatment cost may vary from depending upon stage and whether surgical intervention is required or not.
Chemotherapy is often the first line of treatment along with lumpectomy or mastectomy with or without reconstruction for early stage breast cancer.
For late stage breast cancer, surgery is often carried out with a palliative intent and cost is often the cost of chemotherapy drugs and often radiation depending upon metastasis
Since prevention is better than cure most cancers, it is imperative to get BRCA 1 and 2 tests done for other female members in the family too.
Visit www.ihealthkonnect.com to know more or chat with us m.me/ihealthkonnect.com

Other Rare Brain Tumors

There are some other rare Brain tumors including Choroid Plexus Tumors, papillomas and carcinomas, in infants. These tumors primarily treated with surgical resection and occasionally chemotherapy.

Craniopharyngiomas are treated by surgical resection and radiation therapy based on the location of the tumor and involvement of the surrounding tissues.

These Brain sarcomas are treated with maximal surgery, local radiation and chemotherapy appropriate for body sarcomas.

Brain Tumor Symptoms :

Signs and Symptoms of Brain Tumor are as frequent headaches, especially after waking up in the morning, vomiting, especially in the morning, Eye movement problems and/or vision changes, Unsteady gait or worsening balance, Weakness of one side of the face, Loss of previously acquired developmental milestones, Weakness in the arms or legs, Bulging fontanel (soft spot on an infant’s head where the bones that make up the skull have not fully joined) or increased head size in infants, Tilting of the head or neck to one side, Seizures, Difficulty with speech, swallowing or drooling, Back or neck pain, often waking the child at night.

Less common symptoms include: Changes in eating or thirst, Growth problems, Dizziness, Lethargy, irritability or other behavior changes, Deterioration in school performance, Loss of sensation in the arms or legs, Loss of consciousness, without history of injury, changes in, or loss of control of, bowel or bladder, Hearing loss, without evidence of infection

Treatment for Brain Tumors:

Treatment for rare brain tumors often includes surgical removing as much of the tumor as possible, but It also include Radiation therapy and Hormone replacement therapy (HRT).

Next Article: Ewing Sarcoma

Spinal Cord Tumors Types, Treatment

Spinal cord tumors are of several types including:

Ependymomas, and low- and high-grade Astrocytomas.

Treatment Spinal cord tumors:

Treatment often includes removing as much of the tumor as possible without further damaging the spinal nerves.

For low-grade tumors, some children also receive outpatient chemotherapy similar to that which is used for low-grade astrocytomas.

For high-grade spinal cord tumors, children are generally treated with chemotherapy and radiation to the tumor.

Next Article: Other Rare Brain Tumor