Osteoarthritis: Is Knee replacement surgery a good option?

What is Osteoarthritis?

As a person grows old, his or her bones grow old as well. The advancing years take a toll on the bones, especially the knees. It is quite natural as we age to have an odd creaking knee. This is because the lubricating fluid that helps the proper functioning of the knee joint dries up causing the bones to clash against each other. This could cause the chipping of the bones in the knee joint causing excruciating pain to the person. This degeneration of the knee joint is known as ‘Osteoarthritis’.

 Total Knee Replacement
Osteoarthritis, leading to Knee Replacement

What causes Osteoarthritis?

 Old age is a primary cause of osteoarthritis. Obesity is also a cause as the knee joints gets affected due to heavy loadand have to work harder thereby causing the fluid to dry up earlier resulting in Osteoarthritis.

It is not that Osteoarthritis affects the knees alone. It can affect other areas of the body as well such as the fingers, lower back, and the hips as well. However,  most  knee problems  happen due to OA  than the other forms of Osteoarthritis.

OA also affects people who have one leg of a different length from the other. This is because of the extra effort , exerted on one leg causing the knee joint to degenerate faster.

How does Osteoarthritis affect us?

 As Osteoarthritis progresses, it means have to endure tremendous pain. Completing easy tasks such as climbing stairs would be difficult. In fact, climbing onto your bed would be a tough task. The most common method of treatment people adopt is the use of painkillers. Painkillers can relieve the problem for a while. However, they can offer temporary relief alone. In addition, the painkillers can cause a host of other problems as well such as acidity, etc, they can cause problems to your digestive system and thus affect your kidneys as well.

Hence, the need of the hour would be to adopt a permanent kind of a treatment such as a knee replacement surgery. You can try out alternate methods of treatment as well such as injections which offer temporary relief but  for complete relief,  bilateral knee replacement or total knee replacement or a unilateral or single knee replacement may be the only option.

 To connect to the best hospitals in India, offering knee replacement surgery, and to know if Knee replacement surgery is a treatment option for your medical condition, send us an email on info@ihealthkonnect.com or Consult Now.

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If treatment fails

Recovery from cancer is not always possible. If the cancer cannot be cured or controlled, the disease may be called advanced or terminal.

This diagnosis is stressful, and advanced cancer is difficult to discuss for many people. However, it is important to have open and honest conversations with your doctor and health care team to express your feelings, preferences, and concerns. The health care team is there to help, and many team members have special skills, experience, and knowledge to support patients and their families. Making sure a person is physically comfortable and free from pain is extremely important.

Patients who have advanced cancer and who are expected to live less than six months may want to consider a type of palliative care called hospice care. Hospice care is designed to provide the best possible quality of life for people who are near the end of life.

Remission and the chance of recurrence

A remission is when cancer cannot be detected in the body and there are no symptoms. This may also be called having “no evidence of disease” or NED.

A remission may be temporary or permanent. This uncertainty causes many people to worry that the cancer will come back. While many remissions are permanent, it’s important to talk with your doctor about the possibility of the cancer returning. Understanding your risk of recurrence and the treatment options may help you feel more prepared if the cancer does return. Learn more about coping with the fear of recurrence.

If the cancer does return after the original treatment, it is called recurrent cancer. It may come back in the same place (called a local recurrence), nearby (regional recurrence), or in another place (distant recurrence).

When this occurs, a cycle of testing will begin again to learn as much as possible about the recurrence. After testing is done, you and your doctor will talk about your treatment options. Often the treatment plan will include the treatments described above, such as surgery, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, but they may be used in a different combination or given at a different pace. Your doctor may also suggest clinical trials that are studying new ways to treat this type of recurrent cancer. Whichever treatment plan you choose, palliative care will be important for relieving symptoms and side effects.

People with recurrent cancer often experience emotions such as disbelief or fear. Patients are encouraged to talk with their health care team about these feelings and ask about support services to help them cope. Learn more about dealing with cancer recurrence.

Metastatic kidney cancer

If cancer has spread to another location in the body, it is called metastatic cancer. The most common place kidney cancer spreads is to the lungs, but it can also spread to the lymph nodes, bones, liver, brain, skin, and other areas in the body.

For kidney cancer that has spread to one specific part of the body, such as the lungs, surgery may be able to completely remove the cancer. If the cancer has spread to many areas beyond the kidney, it is more difficult to treat.

Patients with this diagnosis are encouraged to talk with doctors who are experienced in treating this stage of cancer, because there can be different opinions about the best treatment plan. Learn more about getting a second opinion before starting treatment, so you are comfortable with the treatment plan chosen. This discussion may include clinical trials.

Your health care team may recommend a treatment plan that includes a combination of treatments. Currently, the most effective treatment for metastatic kidney cancer is targeted therapy that slows or prevents tumor growth and blood vessel formation. These drugs have been shown to lengthen life when compared with standard treatment.Palliative care is also important to help relieve symptoms and side effects.

For most patients, a diagnosis of metastatic cancer is very stressful and, at times, difficult to bear. Patients and their families are encouraged to talk about the way they are feeling with doctors, nurses, social workers, or other members of the health care team. It may also be helpful to talk with other patients, including through a support group.

Cancer Treatment- Why travelling to India is a good option

Cancer Treatment- Why travelling to India is a good option Cancer Treatment in India:

Have you just been diagnosed with cancer and do not know what to do? Have you searched for high quality cancer treatments locally and found none? Recent research has shown that cancer is one of the world’s most feared terminal illnesses. This fear has lead to many people to believe that the disease cannot be effectively treated. However, cancer medical specialists argue that the disease can easily be treated and controlled if it is detected during its early stages. Many cancer patients have died because of they were unable to raise the amount of money that was required for treatment abroad. But there is a ray of hope for many cancer patients who might be struggling to raise the abnormal medical fees for them to be treated. This article will offer all the information about Cancer treatment, cost in India compared to other countries in the whole world.

Reasons why seeking cancer treatment in India is the best option ever:

There has been a major exodus of cancer patients refusing to be treated in local hospitals in their countries of origin. This has made India as the leading cancer treatment provider in the whole world. India has one of the best world cancer treatment facilities in the world. We investigated some of the major reasons for this mass exodus of cancer patients to India and found out the following observations as discussed below;

Lower cost of treatment

Unlike in many countries around the world where cancer treatment is expensive, cancer treatments,cost in India is mush affordable. Despite the kind of cancer your patient might be having, taking him to India for treatment would save you a lot of money. Recent cancer treatments showed that it is only India where you can access high quality services at very low costs. There were some countries where the researched showed that the cost of flight plus cancer treatments cost only costs half that would be charged at the local hospitals. There are many cancer treatment hospitals in India which greatly contributes to the reduction of cancer treatments, cost in India.

Highly qualified Cancer specialists

It is a known that Indians are well gifted in the field of medicine and surgery. India has produced one of the most renowned surgeons and medical practitioners that have high competency levels in the filed. This also applies to cancer where most cancer specialists are Indians, This makes travelling to India for cancer treatment as the best option compared to local hospitals.

Modernized cancer equipments

India has the latest digital equipments for detecting and screening cancer that are not easy to find other countries around the World. The equipment uses one of the latest technologies for diagnosing cancer among the patients. The equipments make the detection and diagnosis of cancer related ailmets to be worked faster and efficient. This is why traveling to India for cancer treatment would be the best cancer treatment option that being treated at local hospitals.

CONCLUSION

It is now evident that cancer treatment, cost in India is lower compared to other countries in the whole world. This article is a must read for people who might be having cancer patients at home who need medical attention but are stranded due to high cost of treatment in local hospitals.

Getting care for symptoms and side effects

Cancer and its treatment often cause side effects. In addition to treatment to slow, stop, or eliminate the cancer, an important part of cancer care is relieving a person’s symptoms and side effects. This approach is called palliative or supportive care, and it includes supporting the patient with his or her physical, emotional, and social needs.

Palliative care is any treatment that focuses on reducing symptoms, improving quality of life, and supporting patients and their families. Any person, regardless of age or type and stage of cancer, may receive palliative care. It works best when palliative care is started as early as needed in the cancer treatment process.

People often receive treatment for the cancer and treatment to ease side effects at the same time. In fact, patients who receive both often have less severe symptoms, better quality of life, and report they are more satisfied with treatment.

Palliative treatments vary widely and often include medication, nutritional changes, relaxation techniques, emotional support, and other therapies. You may also receive palliative treatments similar to those meant to eliminate the cancer, such as chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation therapy. Talk with your doctor about the goals of each treatment in your treatment plan.

Before treatment begins, talk with your health care team about the possible side effects of your specific treatment plan and palliative care options. And during and after treatment, be sure to tell your doctor or another health care team member if you are experiencing a problem so it can be addressed as quickly as possible. Learn more about palliative care.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide. Chemotherapy is given by a medical oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancer with medication.

Systemic chemotherapy gets into the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body. Common ways to give chemotherapy include an intravenous (IV) tube placed into a vein using a needle or in a pill or capsule that is swallowed (orally).

A chemotherapy regimen (schedule) usually consists of a specific number of cycles given over a set period of time. A patient may receive one drug at a time or combinations of different drugs at the same time.

Although chemotherapy is useful for treating most types of cancer, kidney cancer is often resistant to chemotherapy. However, researchers continue to study new drugs and new combinations of drugs. For some patients, the combination of gemcitabine (Gemzar) and capecitabine (Xeloda) or fluorouracil (5-FU, Adrucil) will temporarily shrink a tumor.

It is important to remember that transitional cell carcinoma, also called urothelial carcinoma, and Wilms tumor are much more likely to be successfully treated with chemotherapy.

The side effects of chemotherapy depend on the individual and the dose used, but can include fatigue, risk of infection, nausea and vomiting, hair loss, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. These side effects usually go away once treatment is finished.

Learn more about the basics of chemotherapy and preparing for treatment. The medications used to treat cancer are continually being evaluated. Talking with your doctor is often the best way to learn about the medications prescribed for you, their purpose, and their potential side effects or interactions with other medications. Learn more about your prescriptions by using searchable drug databases.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. A doctor who specializes in giving radiation therapy to treat cancer is called a radiation oncologist.

Radiation therapy is not effective as a primary treatment for kidney cancer. It is very rarely used alone to treat kidney cancer because of the damage it causes to the healthy kidney. Radiation therapy is used only if a patient cannot have surgery and, even then, usually only on areas where the cancer has spread and not the primary kidney tumor. Most often, radiation therapy is used when the cancer has spread to help ease symptoms, such as bone pain or swelling in the brain.

The most common type of radiation treatment is called external-beam radiation therapy, which is radiation given from a machine outside the body. When radiation treatment is given using implants, it is called internal radiation therapy or brachytherapy. For kidney cancer, internal radiation therapy is given using a hollow needle to insert radioactive seeds directly into a tumor.

Another type of radiation therapy is stereotactic radiosurgery, which is designed to direct the radiation therapy to a specific area without damaging nearby tissue. A radiation therapy regimen (schedule) usually consists of a specific number of treatments given over a set period of time.

Side effects from radiation therapy may include fatigue, mild skin reactions, upset stomach, and loose bowel movements. Internal radiation therapy may cause some bleeding, infection, and risk of injury to nearby tissue. Most side effects go away soon after treatment is finished.