Process of Detection

Screening can be done to detect  Breast Cancer.According to American Cancer Society Guidelines Screening includes

  • Yearly mammogram with ultrasound (Sonomammogram) should be done starting at age 40 and continuing for as long as a woman is in good health
  • Clinical breast exam (CBE); examination by doctor about every 3 years for women in their 20s and 30s and every year for women 40 and over
  • Women should know how their breasts normally look and feel and report any breast changes to a healthcare provider right away.
  • Those who have family history of Breast Cancer should start Screening Mammogram 10 years before the index case. It means, suppose a woman’s mother or aunt were detected with Breast cancer at the age of 45 years, she should start her yearly Mammogram at the age of 35 rather than 40 years.

Alcohol

Too much alcohol can raise your blood pressure and triglyceride levels, a type of fat found in the blood. Alcohol also adds extra calories, which may cause weight gain which again leads to heart diseases.

Men should have no more than two drinks containing alcohol a day. Women should have no more than one drink containing alcohol a day. One drink is:

  • 12 ounces of beer
  • 5 ounces of wine
  • 1½ ounces of liquor

 

Injury, Joint stress as a risk factor for OA

Injuries and excessive stress and strain on the joints contribute to the development of osteoarthritis.  People who have had a severe back injury may be predisposed to develop osteoarthritis of the spine. People who have had a broken bone near a joint are prone to develop osteoarthritis in that joint.

Hypertension the culprit

High Blood Pressure very often leads to heart problems.
Exercise, diet control help with controlling blood pressure.An eating plan focused on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other foods that are heart healthy and low in fat, cholesterol, and sodium and salt would help with controlling blood pressure along with regular exercise.

Heredity as a risk factor for OA

An inherited defect in one of the genes responsible for making cartilage could result in OA.. The gene would cause defective cartilage, which would leads to more rapid deterioration of joints. People born with joint abnormalities are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, and those born with an abnormality of the spine (such as scoliosis or curvature of the spine) are more likely to develop osteoarthritis of the spine.

Bad Cholesterol which leads to a rise in blood cholesterol levels

  • Saturated fat—found mostly in foods that come from animals
  • Trans fat (trans fatty acids)—found in foods made with hydrogenated oils and fats, such as stick margarine; baked goods, such as cookies, cakes, and pies; crackers; frostings; and coffee creamers. Some trans fats also occur naturally in animal fats and meats.

Saturated fat raises your blood cholesterol more than anything else in your diet. When you follow a heart-healthy eating plan, only 5 percent to 6 percent of your daily calories should come from saturated fat. Food labels normally list the amounts of saturated fat.