The thyroid gland is present below the Adam’s in the front of the neck. It is a butterfly shaped organ. The thyroid gland produce hormones that regulate the body’s response to hot and cold senses, the energy level of the body, and weight and appetite.
Thyroid cancer in children is rare and often curable. Exposure to head and neck irradiation results in an increased risk. Only one in every 1,200 children under 20 are affected by thyroid cancer in the United States each year.
There is nearly 95%. survival rates among children.
Types of Thyroid Cancer:
Thyroid cancer is further divided into following four types.
1. Papillary thyroid carcinoma
2. Follicular thyroid carcinoma
3. Medullary thyroid carcinoma
4. Anaplastic thyroid carcinomas
Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer:
Sign and Symptoms include trouble breathing, trouble swallowing and changes in a child’s voice.
Thyroid Cancer Treatment:
Thyroid cancer is commonly treated by one or a combination of treatments such as Surgery, Hormonal therapy, Radioactive iodine (radioiodine) therapy, External-beam radiation therapy, Chemotherapy and Targeted therapy.