Statistics say that 1200 million people use tobacco globally and approx 5.5 million people die of tobacco use every year.

Do we really know what happens when we get addicted to smoking or chewing tobacco.

People consume tobacco in a variety of ways – eating, chewing and smoking. Smoking is the most prevalent form of tobacco use.

What really happens when we smoke?

The chemicals we inhale while smoking damage the supply of oxygen to our lungs as the tissues in the body are oxygen deprived , leading to inflamed pathways to the lungs and lung damage.

Nicotine introduces carbon monoxide molecule into the body which is absorbed into the bloodstream at the cost of an oxygen molecule. This carbon monoxide molecule then circulates in the body for the next few hours, which then leads to the wearing of the endothelium of the airways and eventually leads to a condition called obstructive pulmonary disease. Obstructive pulmonary disease is a term which is used to refer to a group on lung diseases such as emphysema, chronic bronchitis, refractory asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis.

Early signs of heart disease and stroke are detected in teenagers who smoke.

The most common diseases due to tobacco consumption are oral cancer, mouth cancer, tounge cancer throat cancer, nasal cavity cancer and lung cancer.

1/3rd of the youth who smoke are at a risk of premature death.

Do we really need to die a premature death or worse still battle cancers, pulmonary disease, just because we find it difficult to control a tobacco addiction.

In order to prevent the further degression of our health – we must say #NoToTobacco this #WorldNoTobaccoDay.

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Can the colour of your Phlegm indicate Pulmonary Embolism ?

Some amount of Phlegm is normal as our body produces mucous. However excessive amounts of Phlegm in a healthy person is not normal. Moreover the colour of phelgm, may indicate an underlaying disease or a medical problem.

Can the colour of your Phlegm indicate Pulmonary Embolism ?

1. Grayish White Mucous 
Significant amounts may indicate an upper respiratory tract infection or sinusitis that is congestion of sinus. Grayish white mucous also indicates pollutant accumulation in the body which the body is trying to get rid off
2.  Green or Yellow Mucous
Indicates an underlying  bacterial  or lower respiratory tract Infection
3. Pink Frothy Mucous
Often an indicator of Pulmonary Edema or fluid accumulation in the lungs.
Small amounts of blood may also indicate bleeding.
Patients with heart disease often have pink frothy mucous
4. Brown Mucous
A problem which smokers face due to accumulation of tar and other residue in the body.
Phlegm is brown in colour as the body tries to get rid of the toxins.
5. Bloody Mucous
Coughing up a large quantity of blood in the  phlegm could be a sign of lung cancer, tuberculosis, pneumonia, or pulmonary embolism.Coughing up Bloody Phlegm needs to be taken seriously and warrants a visit to  the doctor to enable diagnosis of serious diseases lung cancer, pulmonary edema or pneumonia.
Pre existing heart diseases also need to be ruled out incase one notices pink frothy phlegm.
Incase you are experiencing some of the above symptoms, get a second medical opinion.
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Lung Cancer Treatment – Is India A Good Destination?

Lung Cancer Treatment

Lung Cancer Treatment:

Lung cancer develops as a result of abnormal growth of cells in the lung and uncontrollable duplication of these cells. Although not everything is known regarding the cause cancer, lung cancer is highly associated with environmental pollutants particularly tobacco smoke. In this article, we shall explore the various treatment options available for lung cancer. We shall also scrutinize India as a lung cancer treatment destination and try to determine if it is good enough.

The two major types of cancer are small cell and non small cell lung cancer.


Lung Cancer Treatment Options

Radiation Therapy

In this lung cancer treatment option, the radiologist aims to kill the cancerous cells via radiation which is given for atleast 6 weeks on a daily basis.


This generally refers to the use of drugs in form pills or injections in an attempt to block the development of cancerous cells and remains the most popular form of treatment.

Surgical Options are Pneumonectomy

This refers to complete or partial surgical removal of a lung and can be considered in early stages of lung cancer

Lung Cancer Treatment in India

India is at the forefront of medical research and when it comes to lung cancer, they have almost the best equipment and personnel in the whole world providing lung cancer patients with a world-class treatment options. Furthermore, Indian cancer hospitals have the latest technology for both detection and treatment of lung cancer. Some of the Indian cities offering world-class lung cancer treatment are:

  • Delhi-Gurgaon
  • Mumbai
  • Chennai
  • Bangalore


Lung Cancer Treatment Cost In India:

In most cases, people associate lung cancer treatment with high costs that often lead to financial problems. In many parts of the world, people often have to take huge loans just to secure treatment. On the contrary, lung cancer treatment is not at all expensive in India. Even with all the good quality of treatment, the costs are very low compared to treatment costs in other parts of the world. To illustrate this, we shall compare prices of various treatment options between India and the US.


India – 5000

US – 18000


India – 9000

US – 22000


So, is India a good lung cancer treatment destination? Judging from all the good quality of treatment and the low costs, the undisputed answer is yes. Furthermore, India is highly reputed when it comes to medical research and treatment of many illnesses and lung cancer is not an exemption.

Lung Cancer

What is Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer refers to molvolent tumours in the lung which can further spread throughout the body, if not treated at once.

It is highly fatal and the main reason responsible is tobacco smoking and air pollution. The developed tumor could be splenetic or benign.

Lung Cancer Causes:

Exposure to asbestos is also a cause of lung cancer and workplace is quite a common place where a person could be exposed to such fibre.

Maximum of the cancer in lungs is harmonize with consumption of tobacco in different forms such as cigarette smoking. Tobacco contains various harmful chemical compounds such as nitrosamines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and the consumption of these injurious chemicals increases risks of cancer.

Lung Cancer Treatment:

The treatment of lung cancer begins by performing several tests on the patient to understand the sophistication and severeness of the defect.

Tests Includes:
  • CT Scan
  • Bone scan
  • Thoracentesis.

Several imaging tests are also done to detect disease spread.

The tests also include lung cancer tests, biopsy, sputum cytology, PET, bronchoscopy and mediastinoscopy.

After these tests the doctor decide the best treatment on the basis of the tests results.

  • Surgery is an option, which is suitable for treating early stage cancer, but not appropriate for NSCLC .
  • Chemotherapy is the most successful method of treating small cell lung cancer (SCLC).

More treatment options

Complications to be Faced:

There are several complications that can occur.

  • Surgery: Coughing, tightness in chest, deep breathing, pain, weakness and excessive air and fluid in the chest are common side effects that can occur.
  • Chemotherapy: Complications like Hair loss, vomiting, nausea, etc. are some of other side effects you may experience.
  • Radiation therapy: Side effects are sore and dry throat, changes in skin .

Post operative care

The patient will need to visit the doctor within 2 to 6 weeks after the treatment and then regular follow ups must be made at regular intervals.