Poop comes in all shades, often a result of what we eat and chemical changes due to bile as our food gets digested.
Normal poop color is brown though sometimes if we eat green leafy vegetables it could be on the greener side. A sudden color change could be indicative of a health problem.
Know what your poop color indicates and when it could mean trouble:
Green: Green colored stool could be due to iron supplements, green leafy vegetables, however, it could also mean that the food is moving too quickly through the large intestine as a result of which bile doesn’t have the time to break down the food completely.
White, Clay or Grey: Whitish, grey or clay-colored stools indicate lack of bile and often indicate a problem with gallbladder or liver. The problems could be as varied as liver cirrhosis needing a liver transplant or liver failure due to hepatitis A, Hep B or Hep C.
Yellow: Unless, you are having too many yellow colored liquids, yellow stools indicates, excess fat or poor fat absorption.
Poor fat absorption could be due to blocked bile ducts, a problem with the pancreas, and may indicate lack of enzymes for food digestion or may even point towards chronic pancreatitis, celiac disease.
Red: Unless you have been eating beets, carrots, tomatoes, cranberries, food with red coloring, bright red colored stool may indicate bleeding due to hemorrhoids, anal fissure, and even colon cancer or cancer of the rectum or even bowel cancer.
Black: Black colored stools, may indicate bleeding from the intestines, stomach which may even indicate stomach cancer and need an immediate follow-up call with a doctor.
A diet rich in blueberries or black licorice, iron supplements, bismuth subsalicylate could be other exceptions.
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The pancreas are a small gland situated near the stomach that secretes digestive fluid into the intestines through one or more ducts and also secretes insulin – a hormone which regulates the amount of glucose in blood. Pancreas are responsible for secreting enzyme which aid in digestion,
Pancreatic problems are usually hard to detect and one of the most dangerous pancreatic problems is pancreatic cancer.
Unfortunately pancreatic cancer is hard to diagnose as it gives few early signs and most patients already reach an advance stage before being diagnosed.
Post prognosis, due to detection at an advanced stage when the cancer is in metastasis, the 5 year survival rate is 1%. Compare this to a 5 year survival rate for patients when diagnosed early with the cancer in a resectable stage( when surgery can be done) , at a whopping 61% . Therefore early diagnosis is critical in pancreatic cancer.
Even if there are few early signs, self awareness is often the key to diagnosis.
Given below are a few warning signs which indicate that your pancreas may be in trouble :
Sudden Onset of Diabetes : Diabetes and Pancreas have a direct relationship. Pancreas contain cells called the Islets of Langerhans which secrete the hormone insulin. Insulin helps regulate the glucose in the body. If you have sudden onset of Type 2 diabetes, do visit the doctor.
If you existing diabetes,which suddenly becomes unmanageable it warrants a visit to the doctor as instability in blood sugar levels can also be an early sign of pancreatic cancer
Light coloured, Floaty Stools, with or without an oil layer : Pancreas our responsible for secreting enzymes, which help in digestion. When optimum functioning is affected, sometimes there is an oil layer on top which indicates fats not digested properly. Because the pancreas help the intestines break down fats with the help of enzymes which does not take place,it leads to stools become greasy.
Light coloured, floaty stools also indicate sub optimal digestion which happens when the pancreas become affected.
Dark Coloured Urine : Pancreatic cancer usually begins near the top of the bile duct. Since the bile duct is unable to drain the bilirubin produced in the liver, it results in dark coloured urine. As the cancer spreads, it affects the liver and results in liver cancer. Pancreatic cancer led to the liver being affected for Steve Jobs and a liver transplant was carried out which gave him a new lease of life for a few years.
Stomach Ache : Abdominal pain especially pain in the middle of the abdomen is also a sign of pancreatic cancer. The cancer starts presses on surrounding organs causing pain. If pain is intense and persists for weeks, does not wear off even after prescription medication, do ask your doctor to check your pancreas.
Weight Loss : It is a common sign of pancreatic cancer – it usually occurs because the pancreas do not secrete enough enzymes to digest food so nutrients are not absorbed normally.
Though there are several other reasons for weight loss, sudden, progressive weight loss coupled with intense pain in the abdomen does call for a visit to the doctor.
Poor Appetite : Nausea and lack of appetite can be directly linked to problems in the pancreas. The pancreas are responsible for the secretion of enzymes which break down the fats in the digested food and hence, if your body is unable to digest fatty foods, it may be a sign of trouble with the pancreas.
Usually a ultrasound, CT Scan, endoscopy or an endoscopic biopsy are the initial diagnostic tests.
A PET CT along with cancer markers is used for cancer staging.
If diagnosed early, while the cancer is resectable, a procedure called Whipple is carried out to remove the cancerous part and whipple procedure is followed by chemotherapy and or radiation depending upon spread.
Sometime, TACE ( trans arterial chemo embolisation, TARE ( Trans arterial radio embolisation) or TAE ( trans arterial embolisation) may also need to be used depending upon the type of cancer and cancer staging.
At times RFA( radio frequency ablation) or cryoablation may also be used to treat the cancer.
Liver is one of the important organs in our bodies.
As the only organ in the body which can regenerate itself, liver transplant is the last option when attending medical conditions lead to liver failure or cirrhosis and failure and the liver can no longer be treated.
Causes of Liver Transplant
There are a number of causes which normally contribute to liver failure. Some of these conditions are due to diseases such as Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic liver disease, cancer among others. Some of these diseases can be prevented .
Liver Cirrhosis is caused by excessive consumption of alcohol therefore moderating consumption of alcohol can help to prevent the disease. Liver cancer once it spreads cannot be easily treated.
Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C infections besides alcoholism often lead to liver disease, subsequent liver cirrhosis, liver cancer or end stage liver disease when the liver cannot be treated.
There are cases where liver failure occurs rapidly in a condition known as acute liver failure and some times it can occurs slowly and it is known as chronic liver failure.
Both conditions can lead to end stage failure where it can no longer be treated. The only option then is to carry out liver transplant.
What is Liver Transplant?
Liver transplant is surgical operation to remove a diseased liver and replace with a healthy one.
Liver is an organ which regenerates itself though slowly. The healthy liver is normally obtained from a live donor preferably family or a deceased donor and replaces the diseased liver in the patient.
As the liver regenerates itself, the donors liver is able to regenerate itself over a period of time.
The number of people with the condition is normally higher therefore liver transplantation is reserved for those who are critical condition.
Success Rate of Liver Transplant
India is among the top countries with the highest success rate of liver transplant operations. Besides the local Indian population, many people with the conditions from developed countries converge for transplant surgeries in India owing to significantly lower costs. Liver transplant, success rate in India is approx 94-95%.
Liver is one of the important organ in our bodies. Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C infections, alcoholism often lead to liver disease, subsequent liver cirrhosis, liver cancer or end stage liver disease when the liver cannot be treated. There are cases where liver failure occurs rapidly a condition known as acute liver failure and other times it can occurs slowly and it is known as chronic liver failure. Both conditions can lead to end stage failure where it can no longer be treated. The only option then is to carry out liver transplant. Liver transplant is surgical operation to remove a diseased liver and replace with a healthy one. Liver is an organ which regenerates itself though slowly. The healthy liver is normally obtained from a live donor or a deceased donor and replaces the diseased liver in the patient. The number of people with the condition is normally higher therefore a transplant is reserved for those who are critical condition.
There are a number of causes which normally contribute to liver failure. Some of these conditions are due to diseases such as Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic liver disease, cancer among others. Some of these diseases can be prevented .Liver Cirrhosis is caused by excessive consumption of alcohol therefore moderating consumption of alcohol can help to prevent the disease. Liver cancer especially when it spreads cannot be easily treated.
India has emerged as a popular best destination preferred for liver transplant for a number of reasons.
Success rate of liver transplantation in India
India is among the top countries with the highest success rate of liver transplant operations. Most people with the conditions from different countries converge for transplant surgeries in India. Liver transplantation in India has success rate of 94%.
The cost of operation
Despite the high number of patients requiring the transplant, India is still carrying out the operation with relatively lower prices. The prices may differ depending on the hospital. The cost of liver transplant in India varies from US$ 39000 to US$ 45000 depending on the hospital , surgeon fees and specific medical condition of the patient
High quality treatment
Indian hospitals carrying out liver transplant has been known to use modern technology and medical equipment. Surgeries and transplants are carried out by some of the best medical doctors and professionals, trained in the west.
To connect with and to get to know prices at a glance is often an uphill task for patients and their families looking for liver transplant. Ihealthkonnect as a price discovery and comparison platform not only empowers patients to connect with hospitals at a glance but also helps them get a second medical opinion and an estimated cost of medical treatment. Visit www.ihealthkonnect.com to know more.