Stop that Kidney Damage !

The kidneys are two fist shaped organs and they are located on each side of the spine.
Kidneys play an important role in our body functioning. They act as filters, flush out toxins from the body and maintain the acid, alkaline balance in the body. Kidney trouble leads to water retention, swelling, oedema and affects quality of life.

Kidney Disease
Kidney Damage

It is very difficult to detect kidney damage till the last stage as kidneys can continue to function well even when they are 80% damaged, which leads to discovery when the patient has reached end stage kidney disease post which dialysis followed by kidney transplant is the only option

Are there any habits that damage the kidneys every day?

Even though we barely realise it, some of our daily habits contribute to kidney damage. Below is a list of some common habits, taking care of which can help us, prevent the damage to our kidneys.

Being a Pill Popper : Popping medicines without prescription or medicine abuse is dangerous for the kidney and can lead to a condition called rhabdomyolysis which is defined as a breakdown of muscle tissues that releases a damaging protein into the bloodstream – causing it to be transported to the kidneys and in turn, damaging the kidneys causing a need for dialysis.

Drinking too much Soda : 2 cans a day is too much ?According to a study presented in the kidney week in 2013, two cans of soda are enough to cause damage to your kidneys. Researchers from a leading university in Japan divided participants into three groups- one that drinks a can of soda a day, one that drinks two cans of soda a day, and one that does not drink soda. The results were startling – by the end of three years, more than 10% people from the second group developed a disease called proteinuria – a disease that may lead to End Stage Kidney disease.

Eating too much salt : Loading up on too much salt in our diet leads to excess of sodium in our body. Sodium is one of the most abundant elements on earth and is one of the main constituents of salt. However, in high amounts sodium causes kidney damage. This is because kidneys cannot eliminate excess fluid and sodium from the body. The built up sodium and fluid causes high blood pressure which in turn reduces kidney function.

Protein overload : Although protein intake is a must as proteins are the building blocks, a very high protein diet may cause a decline in kidney function in people especially with declining kidney function or kidney disease as the body may not be able to eliminate all the waste products of protein metabolism.

Not drinking enough water : Not drinking enough water also leads to kidney damage. Drinking enough water not only prevents kidney stones but also urinary tract infection because kidney stones are prevented from sticking to together in the presence of hydration while water helps dissolve the antibiotics used to treat UTI’s which makes it more effective in treatment. It also helps the kidneys flush out more toxins and infection causing bacteria by producing more urine.

Not exercising enough : Lack of exercise, promotes kidney damage while exercising increases mobility and circulation in the body causing more absorption and reabsorption by the kidneys; thus, increasing renal function.

Smoking : It promotes kidney damage because increases blood pressure, reduces blood flow to the kidneys, narrows the blood vessels in the kidneys by doubling the endothelium cells in the vessels, and accelerates loss of kidney function. According to statistics, smoking is a cause that can lead to end stage renal disease.

Lack of Magnesium in our diet: High magnesium levels in the body help prevent kidney stones, by preventing the formation of calcium oxalate. This is because kidney stones are formed by the binding of calcium onto oxalate; however, high levels of magnesium cause it to compete with calcium and bind to the oxalate instead – preventing the same.

Not getting enough sleep : Researchers from Brigham and the women’s hospital in Boston evaluated thousands of women and concluded that lack of sleep has a direct correlation with declining kidney function. It has also been suggested that less sleep changes the physiology of the kidney causing kidney damage.

Drinking too much Coffee : Caffeine is a stimulant which increases blood pressure causing more pressure on the kidneys. According to a study in 2002, long term caffeine consumption resulted in kidney failure in obese and diabetics – causing people to conclude that caffeine results in kidney damage.

Holding your pee for too long also affects the kidneys and leads to kidney damage.

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Good Health – A few vital indicators!

 Good health
Vital parameters for good health

We all talk of good health. Are there some common parameters which indicate good health ?

Blood Pressure :The force of blood pressing against your artery walls is your blood pressure
Ideal BP is 120/80mm.  BP over 140/90mm increases risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Cholesterol : Cholesterol is a fat-like, waxy substance in the blood which gets deposited in your arteries and reduces blood supply.
Ideally total cholesterol, which should be less than 200mg/dL; tri-glycerides, which should be less than 150mg/dL; good’ HDL cholesterol, greater than 60mg/dL and ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol, less than 100mg/dL. Higher levels of cholesterol may block blood flow to the heart an increase risk of heart disease.
 BMI or Body Mass Index is a key indicator for fat in the body  measures body fat using your height and weight.
Ideally  BMI should be between 18.5 to 24.9. BMI less than 18, indicates under weight with possible nutritional deficiencies.
A BMI of 25 and above is considered to be overweight, while 30 and above is considered to be obese. 
Sugar: The amount of glucose in the blood is called sugar
Sugar is measured by Fasting Sugar, PP sugar or HbAIc tests (hemoglobin Alc ).
A high HbAIc indicates pre diabetes, insulin resistance which lead to diabetes. Ideally HbAlc should be less than 5.7% and fasting glucose should be less than 126mg/dL.
Diabetes is usually diagnosed when HbAlc is 6.5% or higher, while your fasting glucose is 126mg/dL or higher. High sugar levels can damage blood vessels, increasing risk of heart disease and kidney failure.

Kidney Transplant vs Dialysis ! Which is a better option ?

Kidney Transplant vs Dialysis, Kidney Transplant In IndiaIt is often assumed that kidney transplantation is the last resort for CKD patients or patients suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease.

However research shows that patients with kidney transplant often live 10-15 years longer than those on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis

If you are suffering from chronic kidney disease and are on dialysis or  if your doctor is considering dialysis, considering a preemptive or early kidney transplant , depending upon your individual situation could offer many benefits and drastically improve quality of life with a more active lifestyle.

Most patients on dialysis think they can live forever. Most patients on dialysis live upto 5 years however patients who receive a kidney transplant typically live longer than those who stay on dialysis.  The transplanted kidney usually functions immediately and functions effectively for 12-20 years from a living donor.

A deceased donor kidney functions from 8 to 12 years.

Kidney Transplant survival rates are 90% at 5 years from a deceased donors and at 96% at 5 years.

Many Kidney Transplant patients live between 15-20 years post transplant from a living donor.

On the other hand, Dialysis works only upto 10% the efficiency of a living kidney and hence can cause serious complications. 

  • Anemia
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Heart Disease
  • Nerve Damage
  • Infection

Patients on dialysis have restricted lifestyles, suffer from fatigue and unpredictable ups and downs and as a result, the average life expectancy for a patient on dialysis is generally five years.

On the other hand,  kidney transplant patients live much longer.

Patients who get a kidney transplant before dialysis starts live an average of 10 to 15 years longer than if they stayed on dialysis. 

 The younger the patient, the more is the benefit from a transplant. However, even adults as old as 75  are able to extend lifespan by  an average of four- five  more years post  transplant than if they had stayed on dialysis.

New kidneys  work much longer in patients transplanted before they start dialysis. Spending a long time on dialysis before transplantation may also compromise the life of the new kidney graft once transplant occurs.

Patients who have been on dialysis for 6 months or so  do much better than those on dialysis for 2 or more years. Patients who receive their  new kidney when their health is generally good,  have better kidney function and hence better health and increased life expectancy.

However, getting a transplant is still a better option even if the patient has been ondialysis waiting for a donor kidney due to health complications arising due todialysis.

Even though kidney transplant is major surgery, in comparison to dialysis,  it offers an opportunity for a increased life expectancy and a healthier, active, less restricted life style.

Kidney transplant in India is offered by some of the best hospitals at reasonable costs compared to the west and even Africa and middle east.

General cost estimates vary from US$ 14000 to US$ 16000 depending upon whether the  transplant is  a robotic surgery or otherwise.

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Kidney Transplant, High Blood Pressure and Kidneys

Kidney Transplant cost in India,Kidney transplantOur kidneys are responsible for filtering excess fluid and waste from the body and this depend upon healthy blood vessels.

 Having high blood pressure can damage the blood vessels leading to and out of the kidneys.
Diabetes along with hypertension worsens the damage.
Very often Hypertension leads to Nephropathy or  several types of kidney disease.
Kidney  Failure
Hypertension over a period of time, can damage both the large arteries leading to kidneys and the smaller blood vessels too. As a result your kidneys cannot filter by products leading to accumulation of toxins , damage and subsequent failure.
 As a result you may need dialysis followed by Kidney Transplantation.
Kidney Scarring
Scarring of the kidneys is caused by damage to small clusters of blood vessels which help filter blood from the kidneys.
Scarring once it starts is irreversible.
The kidneys shrink and finally the patient  may need dialysis followed by a kidney transplant.
Aneurysm of the kidney artery
A bulge in the wall of the artery is called aneurysm. An aneurysm in the kidney artery is called renal artery aneurysm.
Atherosclerosis can weaken and damage the arterial wall. Over a period of time, high blood pressure can lead to a bulge or aneurysm which can leak leading to internal bleeding which can be life threatening.
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Kidney transplant,cost in India, Why is India emerging as a destination of choice

Kidney transplant cost in India:

Kidney transplant cost in India:

Having a kidney transplant is often the last resort to save the life of an individual whose kidneys have failed and no longer process waste products in the body. It is important to arm yourself with kidney transplant information before undergoing any procedure.

You should learn how the kidneys work and why they may fail. The system will make more sense when you have this knowledge.

Here are few things doctors explain about kidney transplant in India. The kidneys have multiple functions. They follow a critical regulatory role, and they have a big part in the urinary system and ridding the body of toxins.

Additionally, they work to keep everything in the body in the balance. This includes maintaining the balance of acids and bases and regulating blood pressure, fluids in the vessels and the circulating electrolytes.

Your kidneys are your body’s natural filters. They filter out wastes from your bloodstream. In turn, this produces urine, which moves into the bladder where it is stored for future removal when you relieve yourself.

When your kidneys produce urine, wastes like urea and ammonium are excreted. Kidneys also are in charge of reabsorbing important things like water, amino acids, and glucose that your body needs to function properly.

The kidney can survive on ice for several hours before transplant so that technically, a person can be dead and still donate their kidneys. The kidney is then kept in a cold solution before donation. The best organs for kidney transplant come from the brain dead donors.

Cost of kidney transplant in India

The average cost of a kidney transplant in India is around 14,000 US dollars which are less than a third of the cost of kidney transplant surgery in US, UK or any other Western country.

Kidney transplant in India is done at best kidney transplant hospitals with the best kidney transplant surgeons.

What is included in the cost of renal transplant?

The standard price includes:

  • Initial work up–tests and investigations for the donor and the recipient
  • Surgery charges for both donor and recipient
  • Airport transfers
  • Stay within the hospital for a stipulated number of days and food for the patient and one attendant.
  • Costs beyond what is quoted often includes accommodation and food  cost before the surgery and after the surgery outside the hospital, cost of transportation etc.

It is better to know about and prepared with these extra costs as they may form a bit  of the cost that you would spend for getting kidney transplant operation in India.

Important Guidelines for kidney transplant in India:

The patient needs to bring a donor, who is a blood relative of the patient. Organ transplant act in India does not approve unrelated donors unless approved by the transplant committee.

Patient should bring all necessary documents with him

Once the Transplant Committee of the hospital approves the procedure, it can be undertaken at any of the best kidney transplant hospitals in India.

How to get kidney transplant surgery in India?

Send the latest medical reports of the patient and the donor to get a detailed medical opinion by the Kidney Transplant Team.

Details primarily viral markers (HIV mainly of donor and recipient) and blood group of both donor and recipient is needed, which can be done locally or a country close to you. If HIV is negative and a related donor is blood group, the patient can go for the transplant. Kidney transplants can also be carried out for non blood group compatible transplants but the rate of rejection is much higher.

The patient and the donor would be advised to come to India where then  get evaluated, have dialysis and be worked up for transplant

After the organ transplant committee of the hospital approves of the transplant, the surgery is done.

Ihealthkonnect as India’s 1st price discovery and comparison platform empowers not only Indian residents but also overseas patients in connecting to the best doctors and hospitals for  kidney transplant.

Patients are not only able to search ,discover best hospitals in for kidney transplant India and take a free 2nd opinion and estimated cost of  kidney transplant from some of the best doctors, best nephrologists in India but also save on cost of surgeries as well.

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