A Quickie on role of “Robotics in cancer treatment ?

Robotic surgery
robotic robot-assisted brain surgery,

Robotics or computer assisted surgeries are helping patients with advanced cancer care. Robotic surgery effectively means’ robotic systems designed specifically to assist surgeons perform, complex surgical procedures with precision, control and dexterity.

These are often difficult to reach cancerous tumours, which the surgeons are able to view with increased vision and hence excise with precious thanks to video assisted robotic systems.

In general,  the surgeon uses the robotic systems, arms to perform the surgery instead of his own hands. Most good systems come equipped with cameras and 3D imaging to enable surgeons to view deeper locations inside the body and reach the diseased tissue with greater range of motion and precision.

Cyberknife, Gamma Knife, Novalis, Da Vinci are various forms of robotics systems available to assist surgeons.

Robotics can today be used for prostate cancer treatment, oral cancer treatment, breast cancer treatment, throat cancer treatment, thyroid cancer treatment, ovarian cancer treatment, uterine cancer treatment, oesophageal cancerbrain tumour surgery, treatment of bone and soft tissue sarcoma, lung cancer,  and several other cancers.

Even basic procedures like thyroidectomy, hysterectomy can now be done robotically and several surgeons are trained to perform robotic thyroidectomy and robotic hysterectomy.

Though we will cover each of these procedures in greater detail in subsequent posts, here are a few significant benefits of minimally invasive, Robotics assisted surgeries

  • Fewer incisions- Maximum size of incisions is usually not more than 7mm .
  • Significantly lower blood loss as compared to open surgeries.
  • Targeted, Higher Dose of Radiation.
  • Less Trauma, pain Quicker, faster recovery.
  • Reduced hospital stays of sometimes even one day( specific to surgery)
  • Added benefits for obese and diabetic patients with co morbidities where wound healing and open surgery complications need to be avoided.

To know more on whether you can be helped with robotic assisted surgery , write to us on info@ihealthkonnect.com or click to send us a query.

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How common are Fibroids ?

Fibroid treatment
uterine fibroids

Fibroids affect 1 out of every 4 women, atleast once in their lifetime. Usually affecting women in the age group pf 30-50, fibroids can be as small as a pea or as big as a melon.

Fibroids increase or decrease in size and can even go away. Fibroids are sensitive to oestrogen levels and tend to swell when the level of oestrogen is high  for example in heavier women typically  weighing over 70 kgs or more.

On the other hand, fibroids can shrink when the level of oestrogen goes down and hence tend to shrink on weight loss or post menopause.

Fibroids are also called Uterine Myomas, Fibromyomas or Leiomyomas.  Most Fibroids grow within the muscle tissue of the womb.

What are the common problems associated with fibroids ?

Heavy, Painful Periods: Bleeding is often heavier with fibroids and is often accompanied with pain. Besides affecting quality of life, heavy periods may lead to anaemia.

Bloating, Swelling: Large fibroids, may lead to swelling in the lower abdomen and discomfort in the lower abdomen and lower back.

Painful Intercourse: Fibroids growing near the vagina or the cervix may lead to pain during intercourse.

Bladder Problems: If a fibroid presses on the bladder which is in front of the womb, it may cause frequent urination.

Bowel Problems: Though extremely rare, if a fibroid presses on the bowel, which lies behind the womb, it may cause constipation.

Infertility: If the fibroids grow into the cavity of the womb, they can sometimes block fallopian tubes which can hamper conception and cause Infertility. In such cases an IVF often helps, post fibroid treatment.

Miscarriages: Though rare, sometimes fibroids may cause repeat miscarriages.

Early labour and possibility of a C-section: Sometimes fibroids, may result in an early labour and even a C -section instead of a normal delivery.

There are several ways to treat fibroids, which includes medical management and also surgical options.

Surgical options for treatment of fibroids are:

Hysterectomy: is removal of the womb when fibroids are causing symptoms and pain. If fibroid are small in size, the womb can be removed via the vagina and if the fibroids are large, then the womb may need to be removed via an incision in the lower abdomen.

Myomectomy: is surgical removal of fibroids and can be done either laparoscopically or hysteroscopically( through the vagina). In myomectmy, the fibroids are removed but the womb is left.

Uterine Artery Embolisation: can also help with treatment of  fibroids.

To know more, send us a query or write to us on info@ihealthkonnect.

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