Cause narrowing of arteries- As the pressure of blood flowing from your arteries increases. it damages the inner lining of your arteries. Fat from food collects in the damaged part of your arteries causing further narrowing and damage. Eventually arteries become less elastic limiting proper blood supply to the body.
Coronary heart disease- As the arteries get damaged due to narrowing, a high blood pressure can lead to sudden chest pains and subsequent heart attack or even arrhythmias.
When the damage becomes extensive, angioplasty, stenting also may not help and an open heart surgery maybe required.
Enlarged Left Heart– As high blood pressure forces the heart to work harder to pump blood , the left ventricle or the left heart becomes thicker and tougher increasing risk of heart attack, heart failure or a cardiac arrest.
Heart Failure– Over a period of time, the heart becomes, weaker, less efficient and begins to fail.
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