Heart Disease -Stuff you must know !

open heart bypass surgery
open heart bypass surgery

Heart disease kills more people than any other disease. Over 30% of deaths across the world are due to heart disease as per WHO estimates.

Ignorance, lack of awareness, refusal to get basic routine checkups, account for the high mortality rate.

Unhealthy dietary habits, alcohol abuse, use of tobacco, lack of exercise, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and genetics are the primary reasons for developing heart disease.

Most cases go undiagnosed till the patient suffers a heart attack.

Here is a list of types of heart disease which we should all know about.

Clogged Arteries: Fat and cholesterol build up in the arteries leads to plaque and mineral deposits which restricts or blocks blood flow to the heart. Usually clogged arteries are not diagnosed unless one gets chest pains or gets breathless. An angiography is often carried out for diagnosis. Stenting or an angioplasty takes of blocked arteries. A surgeon may insert a balloon or a wire mesh to open up your arteries. If the blockage is severe, a CABG or open heart bypass surgery may be required. In CABG, or open hear bypass surgery, blood vessels from other parts of the body are taken and damaged blood vessels of the heart are replaced or bypassed.

Arrhythmia: Irregular heart beat can either be too slow or too fast. Although rarely fatal, arrhythmia increases pre disposition to heart attack, heart failure and even stroke.
An ICD  detects irregular heart beat and send electric impulses to takes care of Arrhythmia.

Hole in the heart :  PDA, VSD, ASD, Mitral Valve Defects,  commonly known as hole in the heart, sometimes congenital heart defects are not diagnosed even till adulthood. Growth milestones may be compromised and problems may persist later in life.
Serious defects require surgical intervention however some can be managed with medical management.

Heart Muscle Disease: Our heart is a muscle which weakens due to obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes and hence the heart struggles to pump blood in the body.
Heart muscle disease or cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure.

A Pacemaker is implanted to take care of heart muscle disease.

Enlarged Heart: As the heart muscle becomes weak, the heart enlarges in order to pump blood and the rhythm increases. However the heart also becomes weaker and consequently it leads to decreased blood flow.

Heart Attack: Clogged arteries can restrict and even stop blood flow to the heart. Without blood flow, our heart doesn’t get the oxygen required which damages the heart and this is what is known as a heart attack. The more restricted the blood flow, the more life threatening and severe, the heart attack.

Heart Failure: Failure of the heart to pump blood to the body is known as heart failure and this can lead to death.

Without surgical intervention or medical management as may be required, heart disease progresses and even post diagnosis and surgical intervention, drastic life style changes are required for managing the medical condition.

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Better Safe Than Sorry ! Watch out for early indicative symptoms of a Heart Attack before it happens

Heart Attack, Open heart surgery cost in IndiaHeart Attack:

Cardiac arrest or a heart attack is a leading cause of premature death around the world.

Stress, junk food, lack of exercise, smoking, high blood pressure, too much alcohol and an unhealthy lifestyle are the biggest culprits.

Very often a cardiac arrest catches you unawares but it is possible to recognize early symptoms and not be caught unawares.

Symptoms of Heart Attack:

The following symptoms may be indicative of “A Cardiac Arrest On Its Way”

Shortness of Breath- Breathing difficulty or shortness of breath just means a heart attack around the corner. As your heart  gets less blood, your lungs do not get enough oxygen. This is a critical indicator and if you suddenly feel short of breath, just make a dash to your doctor.

Dizziness-  Less blood flow means less blood circulation to the brain as well and hence the dizziness. Though it could be an indicator of other problems, it could be an indicator of an upcoming heart problem as well

Cold Sweat- Breaking into cold sweat is a big red flag and calls for an immediate visit to the doctor

Fatigue- General weakness is often a result of poor blood circulation and less oxygen due to narrowed arteries.  As the heart gets reduced blood supply, there is  subsequent less oxygenation and consequently fatigue and weakness.

Chest Discomfort- Most patients with heart attacks often complain of tightness, discomfort in the chest over months and the tightness may  build up till an actual heart attack happens.

Angiography or an angiogram can tell us on the number of blocked arteries, in which case stenting or angioplasty may be required.

Sometimes, an open heart surgery may also be required.

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Common symptoms of a heart attack

A heart attack happens when blood flow to the heart is suddenly blocked. Common signs of a heart attack include:

Chest pain (or feeling pressure, squeezing, or fullness in your chest)

Pain or discomfort in the upper body – like the arms, back, neck, jaw, or upper stomach (above the belly button)

  1. Trouble breathing (while resting or being active)
  2. Feeling sick to your stomach or throwing up
  3. Feeling dizzy, light-headed, or unusually tired
  4. Breaking out in a cold sweat

Part of the heart may die if the person is not given help quickly