Kidney Transplant vs Dialysis ! Which is a better option ?

Kidney Transplant vs Dialysis, Kidney Transplant In IndiaIt is often assumed that kidney transplantation is the last resort for CKD patients or patients suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease.

However research shows that patients with kidney transplant often live 10-15 years longer than those on hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis

If you are suffering from chronic kidney disease and are on dialysis or  if your doctor is considering dialysis, considering a preemptive or early kidney transplant , depending upon your individual situation could offer many benefits and drastically improve quality of life with a more active lifestyle.

Most patients on dialysis think they can live forever. Most patients on dialysis live upto 5 years however patients who receive a kidney transplant typically live longer than those who stay on dialysis.  The transplanted kidney usually functions immediately and functions effectively for 12-20 years from a living donor.

A deceased donor kidney functions from 8 to 12 years.

Kidney Transplant survival rates are 90% at 5 years from a deceased donors and at 96% at 5 years.

Many Kidney Transplant patients live between 15-20 years post transplant from a living donor.

On the other hand, Dialysis works only upto 10% the efficiency of a living kidney and hence can cause serious complications. 

  • Anemia
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Heart Disease
  • Nerve Damage
  • Infection

Patients on dialysis have restricted lifestyles, suffer from fatigue and unpredictable ups and downs and as a result, the average life expectancy for a patient on dialysis is generally five years.

On the other hand,  kidney transplant patients live much longer.

Patients who get a kidney transplant before dialysis starts live an average of 10 to 15 years longer than if they stayed on dialysis. 

 The younger the patient, the more is the benefit from a transplant. However, even adults as old as 75  are able to extend lifespan by  an average of four- five  more years post  transplant than if they had stayed on dialysis.

New kidneys  work much longer in patients transplanted before they start dialysis. Spending a long time on dialysis before transplantation may also compromise the life of the new kidney graft once transplant occurs.

Patients who have been on dialysis for 6 months or so  do much better than those on dialysis for 2 or more years. Patients who receive their  new kidney when their health is generally good,  have better kidney function and hence better health and increased life expectancy.

However, getting a transplant is still a better option even if the patient has been ondialysis waiting for a donor kidney due to health complications arising due todialysis.

Even though kidney transplant is major surgery, in comparison to dialysis,  it offers an opportunity for a increased life expectancy and a healthier, active, less restricted life style.

Kidney transplant in India is offered by some of the best hospitals at reasonable costs compared to the west and even Africa and middle east.

General cost estimates vary from US$ 14000 to US$ 16000 depending upon whether the  transplant is  a robotic surgery or otherwise.

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