What is Lung Cancer?
Lung cancer refers to molvolent tumours in the lung which can further spread throughout the body, if not treated at once.
It is highly fatal and the main reason responsible is tobacco smoking and air pollution. The developed tumor could be splenetic or benign.
Lung Cancer Causes:
Exposure to asbestos is also a cause of lung cancer and workplace is quite a common place where a person could be exposed to such fibre.
Maximum of the cancer in lungs is harmonize with consumption of tobacco in different forms such as cigarette smoking. Tobacco contains various harmful chemical compounds such as nitrosamines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and the consumption of these injurious chemicals increases risks of cancer.
Lung Cancer Treatment:
The treatment of lung cancer begins by performing several tests on the patient to understand the sophistication and severeness of the defect.
- CT Scan
- Bone scan
Several imaging tests are also done to detect disease spread.
The tests also include lung cancer tests, biopsy, sputum cytology, PET, bronchoscopy and mediastinoscopy.
After these tests the doctor decide the best treatment on the basis of the tests results.
- Surgery is an option, which is suitable for treating early stage cancer, but not appropriate for NSCLC .
- Chemotherapy is the most successful method of treating small cell lung cancer (SCLC).
Complications to be Faced:
There are several complications that can occur.
- Surgery: Coughing, tightness in chest, deep breathing, pain, weakness and excessive air and fluid in the chest are common side effects that can occur.
- Chemotherapy: Complications like Hair loss, vomiting, nausea, etc. are some of other side effects you may experience.
- Radiation therapy: Side effects are sore and dry throat, changes in skin .
Post operative care
The patient will need to visit the doctor within 2 to 6 weeks after the treatment and then regular follow ups must be made at regular intervals.