Headaches are defined as a pain in the head with the pain being above the eyes or the ears, behind the head, or in the back of the upper neck.
Most headaches are not taken seriously as they seldom cause death, however a some headaches do call for immediate medical attention.
Headaches are usually caused by a variety of reasons ; however, some forms of a headache are more representative as warning signs. These include :
Hammer Headaches or Thunderclap Headache : A headache which feels like your head has been hit by a hammer suddenly is a cause for worry. Onset of these headaches is often sudden and the pain doesn’t go away after a few minutes but lasts. These headaches can be caused by aneurysm or by a subarachnoid haemorrhage . Subarachnoid haemorrhage refers to bleeding within the subarachnoid space, which is the area between the brain and the tissues that cover the brain. Such a condition is dangerous, and one must consult the doctor immediately.
Headaches accompanied with fever : Headaches accompanied with fever are usually a reason for worry especially if you feel forgetful and less alert mentally. This is because these headaches may be warning signs for encephalitis, or meningitis. Encephalitis is defined as the inflammation of the brain due to an allergic reaction or an infection whereas Meningitis is defined as the inflammation of the meninges due to bacterial or viral infection. Both meningitis and encephalitis can be fatal.
Headaches due to pain behind or around the eyes : This kind of a headache is also a worrying discovery. This is because these head aches usually serve as warning signs for acute glaucoma, which is defined as Increased pressure in the front chamber (anterior chamber) of the eye due to sudden (acute) blockage of the normal circulation of fluid within the eye. This condition may lead to blindness; hence, it is important to consult the doctor if a sudden headache manifests itself behind or around the eyes.
You knock your head : If you have knocked your head somewhere and on blood thinners and have a headache, it may indicate subdural hematoma which is defined as the slow bleeding of the brain due to the inability of the blood to clot due to blood thinners. Incase you’re on blood thinners and accidentally bump your head, you must consult a doctor to rule out an internal bleed. A knock on the head which results in a concussion could also lead to a severe headache which needs medical attention.
Severe, Splitting, Persistent headaches: Such headaches can also be a sign of a brain tumour. Incase movement in any part of the body or speech gets affected or there is loss of balance, numbness, it may need craniotomy or a brain surgery calls for an urgent visit to a neurosurgeon or an ER.
Headaches caused by a stroke: If you have a headache accompanied by a paralysis of one side, slurry speech, tongue is not straight, droopy smile, it indicates a stroke and calls for a visit to the ER.
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