Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital Heart Disease is a problem with the heart’s structure and function that is present from birth.
Congenital heart disease (CHD) can describe a number of different problems affecting the heart. It is the commonest type of birth defect. Congenital heart disease causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects.
Congenital heart disease is often divided into two types:
Cyanotic (blue skin color caused by a lack of oxygen) and non-cyanotic or acyanotic.
In non cyanotic congenital heart defects, blood flows from the left side of the heart to the right side of the heart due to a structural defect often known as a hole in the septum.
The following lists cover the most common congenital heart diseases:
- Ebstein’s anomaly
- Hypoplastic left heart
- Pulmonary atresia
- Tetralogy of Fallot ( TOF)
- Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
- Transposition of the great vessels
- Tricuspid atresia
- Truncus arteriosus
- Aortic stenosis
- Atrial septal defect (ASD)
- Atrioventricular canal (endocardial cushion defect)
- Coarctation of the aorta
- Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
- Pulmonic stenosis
- Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
These problems may occur alone or together. Most children with CHD do not have other types of birth defects. However, heart defects may be part of genetic and chromosomal syndromes. Some of these syndromes may be passed down through families.
- DiGeorge syndrome
- Down syndrome
- Marfan syndrome
- Noonan syndrome
- Trisomy 13
- Turner syndrome
Often, no cause for the heart problem can be found. Congenital heart diseases continue to be investigated and researched. Drugs such as retinoic acid for acne, chemicals, alcohol, and infections (such as rubella) during pregnancy can contribute to some congenital heart problems.
Poorly controlled blood sugar in women who have diabetes during pregnancy has also been linked to a high rate of congenital heart defects. Symptoms depend on the condition. Although congenital heart disease is present at birth, the symptoms may not appear right away.
Defects such as coarctation of the aorta may not cause problems for years. Other problems, such as a small VSD, ASD, or PDA may never cause any problems. Most congenital heart defects are found during a pregnancy ultrasound.
When a defect is found, a pediatric heart doctor, surgeon, and other specialists can be there when the baby is delivered. Having medical care ready at the delivery can mean the difference between life and death for some babies. Treatment of the baby depend on the defect and the severity of symptoms.
Very often, the baby does not reach critical milestones such as speech, walking etc due to lack of oxygen which hampers brain development and overall growth.
Children with CHD( Congenital Heart Defect) also fall sick very often with pneumonia, breathlessness and are in and out of the hospital.Though it is a tough choice for a patient, getting a surgery done often takes care of the above problems and recovery is quick and the babies are able to make up for lost time and reach age appropriate milestones.
Therefore it is in the child’s best interest to get surgery done within 1 year or a little below 2 years before the pulmonary pressure increases and the medical condition becomes irreversible.
Cost of most surgeries for CHD varies from US$ 4500 to US$ 11000.
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Patients are not only able to search ,discover best heart hospitals in India and take a free 2nd opinion and estimated cost of surgery from some of the best doctors, best cardiologists in India but also save on cost of surgeries as well.
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