Breast Cancer Treatment
When diagnosed with breast cancer, this can be an overwhelming experience. Treatment options depend upon the stage of cancer.
For early stages we have lumpectomy, mastectomy with and without reconstruction along with chemotherapy, hormone therapy and radiation. . There may be a great concern of which surgical options are best to treat the type of cancer diagnosed.
The long term survival rate of someone diagnosed with breast cancer is based on the spread of the disease. Such characteristics will include the size of the tumor, whether there are hormonal receptors found on the tumor itself and the different types of tumor grades.
Factors such as age may also play an important part on which treatment a patient should undergo.
For example, patients over seventy years old may not usually undertake the more aggressive treatments.
Chemotherapy is a common treatment used by many patients to prolong their life expectancy and survival rate, which is usually done before or after surgery depending upon stage and spread. Many patients will have to avail a combination of treatment options.
Types of Surgical Procedures:
Lumpectomy is a surgical procedure where a part of the breast is removed. The medical term of lumpectomy is called partial lumpectomy. This procedure may or may not be accompanied by radiation therapy. When radiation therapy is used, this will help to kill the cancer cells surrounding the lump.
Mastectomy is a procedure that removes all of the soft tissue from a woman’s breast. This type of procedure can impact a woman’s emotional state higher than if she underwent a lumpectomy procedure as the patient is left with a flat chest. Patients who inherit abnormal genes or have a family history with a high occurrence cancer rate will be better off undergoing this type of surgery.
Breast Reconstruction is done to try to restore the normal appearance of a woman’s breast after undergoing a lumpectomy or mastectomy procedure.
There are two types of reconstruction procedures. Both procedures involve a number of pros and cons.
A reconstruction implant is a procedure where a doctor implants a foreign object in a patient’s breast. This type of surgery has a shorter recovery time than when using your own soft tissue to reconstruct your breast. The downside is that the implant used is a foreign object and is not part of your own tissue.
Also, there is risk of infection and bacteria and possible leakage. The implant placed can build up to form a bundle of scar tissue, which can become thick and harden which will eventually change the shape of the women’s breast.
Reconstruction done from your own tissue also has its benefits and side effects. When using your own soft tissue, there is less concern about leakage as no foreign object has been implanted. There is less chance of infection and your body will not form much scar tissue around the area.
The downside is that you will have scars and open wounds which may take time to heal and the duration of the operation is much longer.
India is a country which offers great medical care by highly trained physicians as well as cheaper surgical rates, which will be a great benefit for the patient.
Cost of Breast Cancer in India:
- Lumpectomy – $ 4500- $ 5000
- Mastectomy- $ 6,000-7,000
- Reconstruction may cost US$ 7500- 9000, depending on the type of reconstruction