Quickie on what our skin says about our health!

Our skin has the largest surface area of our body and fortunately says a lot about our body too.

So here’s a quickie on health problems, indicated by telltale signs on our skin:

Problems with Gall Bladder, Liver:  Excessively yellow skin can be indicative of excessive bile,  bilirubin production, and subsequently a problem with the gallbladder or liver disease.

HypoThyroid: Pale looking skin along with clammy, cold skin, hands and feet may indicate an underactive thyroid. Hypothyroid is a serious medical condition which may lead to even heart disease at a later stage and hence proper medical management is critical.

Varicose Veins: If you find deep blue veins visible, on your legs, it could be a sign of varicose veins. Veins help blood circulate properly.  Blood leaking and pooling into veins is often a sign of things not working well. Varicose veins may be accompanied by pain, cramping and tingling on the soles of the foot and even difficulty walking.

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are different from spider veins. While spider veins are thin and look like the spiders’ web, varicose veins are larger, thicker and often raised on the skin.

Time to connect with a doctor is when the veins start to pain and trouble.

Spider Veins
Spider Veins

Badly damaged veins may lead to a clotting and a condition known as Deep Vein Thrombosis. Treatment may include wearing compression stockings or sclerotherapy, that is injecting the vein to shut it down and even surgery.


Swollen Lymph Nodes: Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, collarbone, armpits, groin can be a sign of an infection or worst case Lymphoma.

Extremely Itchy Scratchy Skin: Extreme itchiness especially in your lower limbs, without insect, mosquito bites, without visible skin rashes may be an early sign of lymphoma.

Extreme itching worse than that experienced due to dry skin, with or without reddish inflamed skin could be what is known as Hodgkin’s itch and calls for a visit to the doctor.

Unexpected Bruises on the skin may indicate leukemia

Leukemia or Blood Cancer: Any bruises which you seem to get without remembering banging into something or getting hit, large bluish, purple patches on the skin are may be a sign of blood cancer, ALL( Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia) or AML( Acute Myeloid Leukemia) and need investigation as soon as they are noticed


 ITP and other Bleeding Disorder:  Get Bruised easily or purple splotches which could be large patches known as “Purpura” or small purple specs known as “Petechiae” on the skin could also indicate a bleeding disorder known as ITP and may need further investigation.
Purpura, Petechiae may indicate ITP
Purpura, Petechiae may indicate ITP or other bleeding disorders

DiabetesUnhealed sores on the foot, brown spots on the legs could indicate diabetes. Diabetes damages capillaries and blood leaks forming rough, round, oval brown spots on the skin.

Addison’s disease: A dark coloring or pigmentation on the skin, around the lips, face, soles of the feet, palms may also indicate an endocrine disorder known as Addison’s disease. A diagnostic test measuring cortisol can diagnose Addison’s disease.

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Diagnosing and Treating an Enlarged Heart

In continuation of our last blog on what is an enlarged heart, today we would discuss ” how to diagnose an enlarged heart and treatment options for the same

Enlarged Heart, treatment options
Enlarged Heart, treatment options
Early diagnosis is critical to managing an Enlarged Heart.
Upon a physical examination, a cardiologist may hear a murmur in the heart, unusual heartbeats, water retention in the legs, abdomen, fluid retention in the lungs.
After a physical examination, a few tests that may be carried out are :
  • Angiogram or catheterization, checks for blockages in the heart. A flexible tube is inserted via the groin, dye injected and pictures of the heart taken to check for blockages and heart function. In case of blockages, stenting or angioplasty is carried out at the same time.
  • ECG uses electrodes to detect heart activity.
  • Echo, uses sound waves to detect heart activity and take pictures of the heart.
  • MRI is used to take pictures of the heart and blood vessels to detect anomalies.
  • CT Scan is also used to take pictures of the arteries in the heart and is often used for patients with pacemakers and other implanted devices.
  • Stress Echo: The patient is made to exercise and then heart tests are administered. Along with ECG, Stress Echo shows heart rate, rhythm, and activity.


  • Some of the common treatment options are:


  • Angioplasty or Stenting are often carried out when blockages or fat, calcium deposits are found in the arteries.Stents can be bare metal or drug-eluting which help open up the arteries.
  • CABG or an open heart surgery in case of multiple blockages also help.
  • Heart Valve surgeries, such as single valve repair,  DVR( Double valve replacement ),  MVR(Mitral valve replacement, Mital valve repair), VSD, ASD  help take care of valve-related heart problems which impair blood flow and lead to an enlarged heart over time.
  • VAD or Ventricular assist devices, help in heart failure by helping a weak heart pump blood. VAD can be, LVAD( left ventricular assist device) or RVAD( Right ventricular assist device). ICD combo devices and Pacemakers also help weak hearts or a heart with impaired function.
  • Heart Transplant is the very last option when all else fails to support patients with extreme heart failure.
To discover and compare, the cost of  CABGPDA, VSD, ASD repair, Truncus arteriosus, TOF, Fontan Repair, Angiogram, AngiographyAngioplasty,  Heart Transplant, LVAD, from the best heart hospital in India, click here.

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