Lymphoma Cancer Symptoms, Types

Lymphoma Cancer Symptoms, Types,Cost in India

Lymphoma Cancer:

Lymphoma is cancer that affects the immune system.

Lymphoma is the name given to blood cell tumors that develop from lymphocytes.

Types of lymphoma cancer:

There are 35-40 known types of lymphoma.

The two most common ones are Hodgkin’s lymphomas and non-Hodgkin lymphomas, multiple myeloma is also a type of lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma can be said to be cancer of the blood and bone marrow while non-Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer affecting the lymphatic system. This is not just one type of disease. Non- Hodgkin lymphoma consists of a diverse group of blood cancers sharing a single characteristic in their development.

It is important for the lymphoma to be categorized into different types because their behavior, spread and response to treatment are also different. The difference can be got through microscopy examination of the cancer cells.

Lymphoma Cancer Symptoms and Signs:

  • The first sign that appears in cases of lymphoma is swelling of the lymph nodes of the neck, underarms or the groin.
  • Enlargement of the spleen or other lymph nodes or body tissues may also occur.
  • Other symptoms like pain, tingling or numbness may also develop as a result of the enlargement of the lymph nodes.
  • Enlargement of the spleen causes abdominal pain and discomfort.

Other symptoms that may occur include :

Fevers, chills, loss of body mass, fatigue, pruritus, lack of appetite, shortness of breath, neuropathy, lymphedema, bone pain, migraine and seizures.
These symptoms are non-specific and are unique to each patient.

Diagnosis of Lymphoma:

Once the symptoms are presented, the doctor examines and performs an interview.

The interview is aimed to get the health history, the past or current medical problems, persistence of symptoms and any other relevant information.

If the health care provider suspects you may have lymphoma a series of tests will be done to provide clarification.

The tests to be done include:

Blood tests-  This is done to evaluate general performance of blood cells and body organs. The concentration of Blood chemicals and enzymes like lactate dehydrogenase are also determined. A blood test is also important to determine lymphoma subtypes.

Biopsy- samples are taken from the lymph node swelling and examined by a pathologist.

Imaging Studies- There are different options for imaging studies available. X-rays, CT scan MRI scan and Positron-emission tomographic scans can be used to detect and visualize enlarged lymph nodes and other enlarged tissues in different parts of the body.

Bone Marrow Examination- A sample is taken and examined under a microscope. This is done by a pathologist and is able to detect abnormal lymphocytes in the bone marrow.

Treatment options for lymphoma include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy and stem cell transplant.

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Kidney transplant,cost in India, Why is India emerging as a destination of choice

Kidney transplant cost in India:

Kidney transplant cost in India:

Having a kidney transplant is often the last resort to save the life of an individual whose kidneys have failed and no longer process waste products in the body. It is important to arm yourself with kidney transplant information before undergoing any procedure.

You should learn how the kidneys work and why they may fail. The system will make more sense when you have this knowledge.

Here are few things doctors explain about kidney transplant in India. The kidneys have multiple functions. They follow a critical regulatory role, and they have a big part in the urinary system and ridding the body of toxins.

Additionally, they work to keep everything in the body in the balance. This includes maintaining the balance of acids and bases and regulating blood pressure, fluids in the vessels and the circulating electrolytes.

Your kidneys are your body’s natural filters. They filter out wastes from your bloodstream. In turn, this produces urine, which moves into the bladder where it is stored for future removal when you relieve yourself.

When your kidneys produce urine, wastes like urea and ammonium are excreted. Kidneys also are in charge of reabsorbing important things like water, amino acids, and glucose that your body needs to function properly.

The kidney can survive on ice for several hours before transplant so that technically, a person can be dead and still donate their kidneys. The kidney is then kept in a cold solution before donation. The best organs for kidney transplant come from the brain dead donors.

Cost of kidney transplant in India

The average cost of a kidney transplant in India is around 14,000 US dollars which are less than a third of the cost of kidney transplant surgery in US, UK or any other Western country.

Kidney transplant in India is done at best kidney transplant hospitals with the best kidney transplant surgeons.

What is included in the cost of renal transplant?

The standard price includes:

  • Initial work up–tests and investigations for the donor and the recipient
  • Surgery charges for both donor and recipient
  • Airport transfers
  • Stay within the hospital for a stipulated number of days and food for the patient and one attendant.
  • Costs beyond what is quoted often includes accommodation and food  cost before the surgery and after the surgery outside the hospital, cost of transportation etc.

It is better to know about and prepared with these extra costs as they may form a bit  of the cost that you would spend for getting kidney transplant operation in India.

Important Guidelines for kidney transplant in India:

The patient needs to bring a donor, who is a blood relative of the patient. Organ transplant act in India does not approve unrelated donors unless approved by the transplant committee.

Patient should bring all necessary documents with him

Once the Transplant Committee of the hospital approves the procedure, it can be undertaken at any of the best kidney transplant hospitals in India.

How to get kidney transplant surgery in India?

Send the latest medical reports of the patient and the donor to get a detailed medical opinion by the Kidney Transplant Team.

Details primarily viral markers (HIV mainly of donor and recipient) and blood group of both donor and recipient is needed, which can be done locally or a country close to you. If HIV is negative and a related donor is blood group, the patient can go for the transplant. Kidney transplants can also be carried out for non blood group compatible transplants but the rate of rejection is much higher.

The patient and the donor would be advised to come to India where then  get evaluated, have dialysis and be worked up for transplant

After the organ transplant committee of the hospital approves of the transplant, the surgery is done.

Ihealthkonnect as India’s 1st price discovery and comparison platform empowers not only Indian residents but also overseas patients in connecting to the best doctors and hospitals for  kidney transplant.

Patients are not only able to search ,discover best hospitals in for kidney transplant India and take a free 2nd opinion and estimated cost of  kidney transplant from some of the best doctors, best nephrologists in India but also save on cost of surgeries as well.

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Bariatric Surgery In India Closes The Gap As Medical Tourists Flock To Save Money

Liposuction cost in india, bariatric surgery

Bariatric surgery :

Bariatric surgery has grown rapidly in India, to the point that the country is becoming a key destination for patients abroad to have their surgeries.


Bariatric surgery is generally recommended for only the toughest of obesity cases, ones where the patient has tried hard to lose weight through changing personal habits, with no success.
India’s boom in bariatric surgery is a result of many unique factors coming together. The country, despite its pervasive poverty, has experienced a swift rise in the middle class. Along with this has come the standard vices associated with disposable income – unhealthy habits such as fast food, alcohol, and inactivity due to technology. The resulting numbers paint an unpleasant picture.

The country has about 40 million obesity related cases of diabetes.

According to India’s National Diabetes Obesity and Cholesterol Foundation, 40 to 60 percent of India’s urban population is obese.

In India, however, there is a great lack of the kinds of commercial weight loss programs that are familiar in America.  Though from diet programs to exercise programs, facing obesity by implementing better personal habits is ingrained in the culture of America, there is still an increase in obesity levels across the west.

Even with the best of infrastructure of gyms and other fitness facilities worldwide, the vices seem to have outrun those solutions, and it has left many with surgical solutions as a more prominent, familiar and acceptable methods of weight loss.

India has stepped the medical sector, which has thrived in India for decades. The abundance of medical education in India has equipped the country with the ability to specialize in medical procedures across super specialties.

People from western nations like America find they can save from 30 to 75 percent on what would be quite costly surgeries, and it becomes clear why India has become a tourist destination for those seeking these procedures. What can be $25 thousand dollars in the US can be found for as little as $ 6 thousand in India. What seems to make India truly appealing, is that for such a large discount, very few of the comforts expected to go along with that American price tag are sacrificed. There is not the language barrier one might face in other countries, as English is a second language in India, and comfort using English is expected among the healthcare professionals.

Westerners are able to find facilities in India that mirror the quality expected at home. Downsides  rarely do exist. Eighty percent of Indian bariatric surgeons work in bigger cities, healthcare hubs such as New Delhi, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Ahmedabad , Bangalore, Chennai and there is an abundance of   the support systems that will carry patients past the surgery and into new lifestyle choices which are crucial in making the surgery a long term success.

But as experts predict bariatric surgery will grow to become a key part of the $2 billion medical tourism industry in India, these concerns are beginning to result in changes that may complete the picture, and close what gaps remain between the quality of the experience in India and the West.

Even as certain aspects catch up, so long as the gap in price remains vast, it seems clear that India is only growing as a key option not only for patients within the country but also for patients looking outside the borders of their home country for medical treatment.

Ihealthkonnect as India’s 1st price discovery and comparison platform empowers not only Indian residents but also overseas patients in connecting to the best doctors and hospitals.

Patients are not only able to search but also save on cost of surgeries from the best hospitals in India.

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Understanding Blood Cancer and its Treatment Options


leukemia, cell proliferation

Blood Cancer:

Blood cancer originates from bone marrow and interferes with production and functioning of blood cells which are responsible for production of blood.  Stem cells therefore fail to mature into white, red blood cells and platelets through abnormal cancerous cells production hence the blood cannot fight infections or prevent excessive bleeding.

Types of Blood Cancer:

There exists three major types of blood cancer namely:

A) Leukemia:  Leukemia results from production of abnormal white blood cells in large numbers which cannot fight infections thus incapacitating bone marrow in the production or red blood cells and platelets. The main Leukemia’s are Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML),  Myelodysplastic syndrome(MDS)

B) Myeloma: Myeloma cells prevents normal production of antibodies by the plasma cells which fight infections therefore weakening a person’s immune system.

C)Non Hodgkin Lymphoma: In Non Hodgkin Lymphoma or NHL as it is called the lymphatic system generates immune cells after removal of excess body fluids .The cancerous lymphoma cells which are abnormal lymphocytes impair the immune system by collecting in lymph nodes and in body tissues.

Blood Cancer Treatment:

The blood cancer treatment options are chemotherapy to get the disease in remission followed by an bone marrow transplant.

The 2 types of Bone Marrow Transplants are :-

  1.  Autologous stem cell transplantation

In an autologous transplant, the patient is then exposed to chemotherapy to kill the cancer cells present in their body system . Once the discease is n remission, the stem cells are collected and stored in extremely cold conditions or rather frozen.

This exposure may greatly incapacitate the stem cells from carrying out their duty of producing blood therefore the previously frozen stem cells are reintroduced to produce blood.

2. Allogenic stem cell transplantation

Unlike in Autologous stem cell transplantation, in allogenic transplant , stem cells from a donor are introduced into the blood cancer patient’s body after a suitable match is identified.

On receiving the donor stem cells , the host’ immune cells detects the blood cancer cells as foreign and attacks them through an immune response. The Allogenic treatment option has it’s shortcoming of the recipient’s body rejecting the donor stem cells.

The introduced stem cells growing on the patient’s immune system can attack the normal organs like skin,lungs and liver leading to malfunctions . In case the malfunctions occur, immuno suppresants are administered to the patient to mitigate the effects.

Early detection and intervention of blood cancer makes treatment easier and the chances of being cured are high. Regular check ups  help.

Though still considered deadly, Leukemia is now curable provided detection and quality care and treatment can be offered in time.

India boasts of some of the best  onco-haemotologists in their hospitals, highly qualified doctors who are dedicated to cancer treatment , cancer treatment and research centres, low cost blood cancer care that is affordable.

To connect to the best hospitals in India, offering treatment for blood cancer or leukaemia, send us an email on or Consult Now.

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Breast Cancer Treatment, Procedures, Cost in India

Breast Cancer Treatment, Procedures, Cost in India

Breast Cancer Treatment

When diagnosed with breast cancer, this can be an overwhelming experience. Treatment options depend upon the stage of cancer.

For early stages we have lumpectomy, mastectomy with and without reconstruction along with chemotherapy, hormone therapy and radiation. . There may be a great concern of which surgical options are best to treat the type of cancer diagnosed.

The long term survival rate of someone diagnosed with breast cancer is based on the spread of the disease. Such characteristics will include the size of the tumor, whether there are hormonal receptors found on the tumor itself and the different types of tumor grades.


Factors such as age may also play an important part on which treatment a patient should undergo.

For example, patients over seventy years old may not usually undertake the more aggressive treatments.

Chemotherapy is a common treatment used by many patients to prolong their life expectancy and survival rate, which is usually done before or after surgery depending upon stage and spread. Many patients will have to avail a combination of treatment options.

Types of Surgical Procedures:

Lumpectomy is a surgical procedure where a part of the breast is removed. The medical term of lumpectomy is called partial lumpectomy. This procedure may or may not be accompanied by radiation therapy. When radiation therapy is used, this will help to kill the cancer cells surrounding the lump.

Mastectomy is a procedure that removes all of the soft tissue from a woman’s breast. This type of procedure can impact a woman’s emotional state higher than if she underwent a lumpectomy procedure as the patient is left with a flat chest. Patients who inherit abnormal genes or have a family history with a high occurrence cancer rate will be better off undergoing this type of surgery.

Breast Reconstruction is done to try to restore the normal appearance of a woman’s breast after undergoing a lumpectomy or mastectomy procedure.

There are two types of reconstruction procedures. Both procedures involve a number of pros and cons.

A reconstruction implant is a procedure where a doctor implants a foreign object in a patient’s breast. This type of surgery has a shorter recovery time than when using your own soft tissue to reconstruct your breast. The downside is that the implant used is a foreign object and is not part of your own tissue.

Also, there is risk of infection and bacteria and possible leakage. The implant placed can build up to form a bundle of scar tissue, which can become thick and harden which will eventually change the shape of the women’s breast.
Reconstruction done from your own tissue also has its benefits and side effects. When using your own soft tissue, there is less concern about leakage as no foreign object has been implanted. There is less chance of infection and your body will not form much scar tissue around the area.

The downside is that you will have scars and open wounds which may take time to heal and the duration of the operation is much longer.

India is a country which offers great medical care by highly trained physicians as well as cheaper surgical rates, which will be a great benefit for the patient.

Cost of Breast Cancer in India:

  • Lumpectomy – $ 4500- $ 5000
  • Mastectomy- $ 6,000-7,000
  • Reconstruction may cost US$ 7500- 9000, depending on the type of reconstruction

Liver Transplant in India, Surgery ,Cost

Liver Transplant in India ,cost of liver transplant surgery

Liver Transplant:

Liver is one of the important organ in our bodies. Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C infections, alcoholism often lead to liver disease, subsequent liver cirrhosis, liver cancer or end stage liver disease when the liver cannot be treated.   There are cases where liver failure occurs rapidly a condition known as acute liver failure and other times it can occurs slowly and it is known as chronic liver failure. Both conditions can lead to end stage failure where it can no longer be treated. The only option then is to carry out liver transplant. Liver transplant is surgical operation to remove a diseased liver and replace with a healthy one.  Liver is an organ which regenerates itself though slowly. The healthy liver is normally obtained from a live donor or a deceased donor and replaces the diseased liver in the patient. The number of people with the condition is normally higher therefore a transplant is reserved for those who are critical condition.

There are a number of causes which normally contribute to liver failure. Some of these conditions are due to diseases such as Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic liver disease, cancer among others. Some of these diseases can be prevented .Liver Cirrhosis is caused by excessive consumption of alcohol therefore moderating consumption of alcohol can help to prevent the disease.  Liver cancer especially when it spreads cannot be easily treated.

India has emerged as a popular best destination preferred for liver transplant for a number of reasons.

  1. Success rate of liver transplantation in India

India is among the top countries with the highest success rate of liver transplant operations. Most people with the conditions from different countries converge for transplant surgeries in India. Liver transplantation in India has success rate of 94%.

  1. The cost of operation

Despite the high number of patients requiring the transplant, India is still carrying out the operation with relatively lower prices. The prices may differ depending on the hospital. The cost of liver transplant in India varies from US$ 39000 to US$ 45000 depending on the hospital , surgeon fees and specific  medical condition of the patient

  1. High quality treatment

Indian hospitals carrying out liver transplant has been known to use modern technology and medical equipment.  Surgeries and transplants are carried out by some of the best medical doctors and professionals, trained in the west.

To connect with and to get to know prices at a glance is often an uphill task for patients and their families looking for liver transplant. Ihealthkonnect as a price discovery and comparison platform not only empowers patients to connect with hospitals at a glance but also  helps them get a second medical opinion and an estimated cost of medical treatment. Visit  to know more.



Prostate Cancer Treatments, Risks, & Costs and Best Treatment Options


Prostate Cancer Treatments

Prostate Cancer is caused by the mutations of ones DNA which may neutralize tumor suppressor genes, or may activate onco genes, that stimulate abnormal cell growth and tumor cells. One in seven men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer within their lifetime. This number increases to about six in ten after reaching the age of sixty-five. These statistics may seem disheartening, however, only one in thirty-nine people die as a result of prostate cancer. That means that the average percentage of people who have died from prostate cancer is about 0.027%. In retrospect, the survival rate for prostate cancer is rather high. Your survival five-years after being diagnosed is almost one-hundred percent. At ten years, it’s ninety-eight percent and at 15 years it’s ninety-five percent. There are many treatments for prostate cancer. The hardest parts are simply informing yourself on the risks and knowing the cost of each treatment and getting to know the best course of treatment for your own self.

The surgical options for prostate cancer treatments of  are:

  • TURP
  • Prostectomy
  • Robotic  Prostectomy.

Other options include hormone therapy and radiotherapy

TURP: Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) is a procedure in which the prostate gland is reduced in size by removing prostate tissue. This procedure does not cure prostate cancer, it only allows passage through the urinary tract if the prostate gland restricts urine flow. This procedure does not involve any incisions in the skin, it is all done by resectoscope through the urethra. Afterwards, in order to drain urine a catheter is inserted. You will need to remain in the hospital one or two days. You’ll be given antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection. In rare cases, additional surgical procedures may be required to stop excessive bleeding, and while this will not affect your ability to have an erection you may experience a lower volume of semen. The cost of this procedure ranges from $4,000-$20,000, depending on your location. The cost may be US$ 4000 in India vs $ 20000 in another country.

Prostectomy: A Prostectomy is a procedure in which the entirety of the prostate gland is removed and the urethra is reconnected to the bladder. Several risks to this procedure include the inability to control urine flow, and erectile dysfunction.

Robotic Prostectomy: Robotic Prostectomy is essentially the same procedure, except it is done using a robotic console capable of making larger more precise incisions, while having a larger field of vision. This reduces recovery time, the risk of complications, it minimalizes scarring, and it reduces the risk of leaving cancerous tissue.

Radiotherapy: Radiotherapy is the use of high-energy rays that in order to terminate cancerous cells. There are several side effects that you may experience after the procedure. These include but are not limited to, fatigue, nausea, and problems eating or drinking. Radiotherapy typically cost $3500 – $4500 in India.  Besides radiotherapy, injections and hormonal therapy is also used for treatment.

These are just a few of the effective of treatments available to those who are affected by prostate cancer. Knowing the benefits and risks of each procedure is a large part of the battle.

To assist patients and their families looking for best doctors, hospitals and treatment options, ihealthkonnect has listed estimated cost for major procedures online.

Users can search, connect with best hospitals, doctors, compare cost of treatment and also get a free second medical opinion online. Visit for more.

Lung Cancer Treatment – Is India A Good Destination?

Lung Cancer Treatment

Lung Cancer Treatment:

Lung cancer develops as a result of abnormal growth of cells in the lung and uncontrollable duplication of these cells. Although not everything is known regarding the cause cancer, lung cancer is highly associated with environmental pollutants particularly tobacco smoke. In this article, we shall explore the various treatment options available for lung cancer. We shall also scrutinize India as a lung cancer treatment destination and try to determine if it is good enough.

The two major types of cancer are small cell and non small cell lung cancer.


Lung Cancer Treatment Options

Radiation Therapy

In this lung cancer treatment option, the radiologist aims to kill the cancerous cells via radiation which is given for atleast 6 weeks on a daily basis.


This generally refers to the use of drugs in form pills or injections in an attempt to block the development of cancerous cells and remains the most popular form of treatment.

Surgical Options are Pneumonectomy

This refers to complete or partial surgical removal of a lung and can be considered in early stages of lung cancer

Lung Cancer Treatment in India

India is at the forefront of medical research and when it comes to lung cancer, they have almost the best equipment and personnel in the whole world providing lung cancer patients with a world-class treatment options. Furthermore, Indian cancer hospitals have the latest technology for both detection and treatment of lung cancer. Some of the Indian cities offering world-class lung cancer treatment are:

  • Delhi-Gurgaon
  • Mumbai
  • Chennai
  • Bangalore


Lung Cancer Treatment Cost In India:

In most cases, people associate lung cancer treatment with high costs that often lead to financial problems. In many parts of the world, people often have to take huge loans just to secure treatment. On the contrary, lung cancer treatment is not at all expensive in India. Even with all the good quality of treatment, the costs are very low compared to treatment costs in other parts of the world. To illustrate this, we shall compare prices of various treatment options between India and the US.


India – 5000

US – 18000


India – 9000

US – 22000


So, is India a good lung cancer treatment destination? Judging from all the good quality of treatment and the low costs, the undisputed answer is yes. Furthermore, India is highly reputed when it comes to medical research and treatment of many illnesses and lung cancer is not an exemption.

Thyroid Cancer, treatment, survival, and why to choose India.

Thyroid Cancer, treatment, survival, and why to choose IndiaThyroid Cancer Treatment:

The thyroid gland is one of the body’s primary producer of hormones, especially for factors controlling metabolism speed and efficiency. Located in the neck, close to the larynx, this gland can, like many other parts of the body, can be susceptible to diseases especially Cancer. According to global statistics, there are 56,000 new thyroid cancer victims in just the united states alone every year. The most common form is papillary thyroid cancer, and occurs most often in women and adults over the age of 30, but can affect anyone of any age. Thyroid cancer may be hard to detect as it remains unnoticed and displays few symptoms over the early lifetime of it’s development. In the elderly, however, it can be very aggressive. Commonly characterized by hoarse voice, neck pain, and enlarged lymph nodes. Most cases of Thyroid cancer begins when a person develops a nodule on the thyroid gland, and while most people will only have one, the chance of receiving the nodule increases with age. To our benefit, 99% of nodules are benign, however it can still be and should be examined properly.
Of the four types of cancer: Papillary Cancer , Follicular cancer, Medullary cancer, and Anaplastic cancer, Papillary dominates cancer cases by being the identified strain over 80% of the time. Thankfully, most cases, especially papillary cancer, are curable and in 97% of cases if treated properly and timely. In most cases the affected part of the thyroid is removed during a biopsy as the preferred treatment. Medullary is extremely rare in the case of thyroid cancer, but is more difficult to treat due to it’s fast pace of spreading. Just as well, Anaplastic cancer though rare, is incurable nonetheless.  Surgery followed by uptake of radioactive iodine is the ususal form of treatment.
As to where is the best area to receive competent and affordable treatment for Cancer, the home country you experience it in may not be your best option. The current prices in India, as found by globally available prices may be the most feasible option. It is suggested that people who feel they have concern towards thyroid cancer might first see an Oncologist or a specialist in the head and neck before pursuing a non-researched choice. Often times in India the checkup is available at a consultation of $20 and can be made easy and convenient with the proper insurance. Most practicing head and neck onco surgeons in India offer a total thyroidectomy for less than $7000, while treatment in the United states , Europe and the west may exceed  by $10000 in cost with ongoing treatment and hospital fees. The service of providing radioactive iodine, are also less expensive for the same medically practiced standards and qualifications. It may be that you are not located at the best place to receive treatment, or perhaps you are but you may not be able to afford it without assistance. New age healthcare advisory platforms such as ihealthkonnect help you discover prices across treatment options, surgeries and help you connect with hospitals across India and make informed, affordable healthcare decision.


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